The United States on Monday urged all countries to freeze nuclear cooperation with Iran following a finding by the UN nuclear watchdog that Tehran was not complying with nuclear proliferation safeguards.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s board of governors on September 24 passed a resolution that found Iran in "non-compliance" with nuclear proliferation safeguards.
It threatened to refer Tehran to the UN Security Council over its nuclear program, which the United States claims is a cover for arms development, but not before a November IAEA meeting.
"We hope that all governments will take note of the board's finding of non-compliance and adjust their national policies accordingly," Stephen Rademaker, acting US assistant secretary of state for non-proliferation told a disarmament committee of the UN General Assembly.
"We think it self-evident that, in the face of such a finding, no government should permit new nuclear transfers to Iran, and all ongoing nuclear projects should be frozen," he added.
"I am not prepared to name any country," Rademaker noted.
Russia abstained from voting on the IAEA resolution last month that found Tehran in "non-compliance" with proliferation safeguards and urged it to suspend activities related to uranium enrichment.
Moscow, an ally of Iran, has an 800-million-dollar (669-million-euro) contract to build Iran's first nuclear reactor at Bushehr, expected to come online next year and for which it will supply the uranium fuel.
The United States charges that Iran is using its civilian program as a cover for pursuing development of nuclear weapons.
Tehran denies it is trying to build nuclear arms, and insists it has a right to pursue a civilian nuclear program for peaceful purposes.
"We hope, and I think other members of the (IAEA) board of governors hope, that Iran will use this opportunity that's been extended to them to reconsider what they are doing, and to change course, to suspend, to re-suspend uranium conversion and re-engage in the diplomatic process with the EU-3 (Britain, France and Germany)," Rademaker told reporters.
"If they don't, the board of governors was very clear in the resolution ... it will take up the question of fulfilling the obligation that it now has under the IAEA to report the Iran matter to the Security Council and to the General Assembly," he added.
Iran froze atomic fuel cycle work two years ago as a "confidence building measure" during talks with the EU-3 on guaranteeing that it was not secretly developing nuclear weapons. It restarted uranium conversion work in August but held off from actual enrichment.
The European Union called on Iran Monday to reinstate a full suspension of key sensitive nuclear activities, and reaffirmed its desire to resume negotiations with Tehran.
EU foreign ministers made the call as it emerged that Iran is likely to wait until November to decide whether to carry out a threat to make nuclear fuel or take other measures that would sharply escalate confrontation with the West.
The EU "urges Iran to take this opportunity by implementing all the measures requested by the IAEA board (of governors), including reinstating a full suspension of all fuel cycle activities," they said in a statement.
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Analysis: Iran At Nuclear Crossroads?
Tehran (UPI) Oct 03, 2005
Following more than two years of negotiations, the International Atomic Energy Agency finally put Iran one step away from U.N. Security Council referral when it passed a resolution on the country's controversial nuclear program, setting in motion a sequence that could end in sanctions.
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