Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
. Military Space News .

Subscribe to our free daily newsletters

Combined Strategies And Technologies Help IED Fight

Source / copyright : AFPS
By Cheryl Pellerin
American Forces Press Service
Washington DC (AFPS) Dec 10, 2010
As the number of improvised explosive device attacks rises in Afghanistan, a combination of strategies and technologies are being used to halt the harm they cause to troops and civilians, Army Lt. Gen. Michael L. Oates said this week.

Oates, director of the Joint IED Defeat Organization, known as JIEDDO, spoke with reporters during a Dec. 6 briefing at the Foreign Press Center in Washington.

"We are essentially attempting to find a fertilizer-based bomb, so it has very low or no metallic content, and it is buried in an unimproved road, in the dirt," Oates said.

Military-grade munitions are harder to come by in Afghanistan than they are in Iraq, he said, and an abundance of fertilizer is available for use in homemade explosives.

"It's easier and it works," Oates said, "so there's no particular reason to change that model."

But detecting fertilizer-based devices "requires a very sophisticated combination of factors," he added.

Metal detectors don't work against these crude but efficient devices, which have risen from only a few in the first seven years of the war in Afghanistan to 1,300 to 1,400 events a month over the past 18 months, as the number of coalition troops has surged there.

Instead, Oates said, coalition forces have had some success in detecting the residue of homemade explosives before they are buried underground.

"Dogs are very successful at locating most forms of explosives, and so we have increased the number of explosive-detection dogs in theater," he said.

There are more unmanned aerial vehicles in Afghanistan now than there ever were in Iraq, Oates said, noting the "significant volume of UAVs" in the air there with remote-sensing capability.

Airborne platforms also can help detect disturbances in the earth that may give clues about the locations of IEDs, he said. For example, if a command wire is used in the IED detonator, that may be detected from the air.

Ground-penetrating radar also offers an ability to see things buried beneath the surface.

"We still have more work to go on that technology," Oates said, "but it is providing some useful help."

A range of other radars also are being explored to look for devices buried underground.

"What was new in Afghanistan this year was the introduction of what we call persistent ground surveillance, PGS, and persistent threat detection [system], PTDS," Oates said.

Persistent surveillance includes a range of functions, but the newest capabilities, he said, include a blimp that can rise to a height of about 3,000 feet with a long-range camera that watches the roads day and night through most weather conditions.

Cameras mounted on towers do the same thing.

"We've put almost 50 of these systems into theater and we have more coming," Oates said.

"All of these things are either currently in theater or moving there as soon as we can get them there," he added.

But Oates said he doesn't want to oversell the ability of technology alone to detect IEDs.

"This is a very difficult bomb to detect using technology. We find that well-trained soldiers armed with dogs tend to be the most effective in finding IEDs, but they are facilitated with other forms of technology," he said.

"The airborne platforms allow you to understand what is going on within the enemy network and that's helpful to understanding where to look for the bomb. Our other intelligence capabilities allow us to do the same," he said.

"But unless you employ all of these capabilities, it is very, very difficult to find these explosives," Oates said.

Share This Article With Planet Earth DiggDigg RedditReddit
YahooMyWebYahooMyWeb GoogleGoogle FacebookFacebook

Related Links
Joint IED Defeat Organization
The latest in Military Technology for the 21st century at

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

RAAF Is First US Ally To Employ JSOW C
Woomera, Australia (SPX) Dec 09, 2010
The Royal Australian Air Force launched two Raytheon Joint Standoff Weapon Cs from the RAAF's new F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, marking the first time a U.S. ally has operationally tested a JSOW C. This test series also marked the first time the JSOW C variant has been employed outside the continental United States. The RAAF also has placed an order for the JSOW C-1, which is currently in produc ... read more

Japan to deploy new missile interceptors: report

First European Missile Successfully Carries Out Ballistic Intercept

Poland asked US about missile shield uses: WikiLeaks

US House votes for Israel missile defense aid

US not helping Taiwan cruise missile program

Javelin Fired From Stryker Remote Weapon Station

Russia to deliver S-300 missiles to Kazakhstan: official

Hezbollah has 50,000 rockets: report

Hermes UAV Reaches 30,000-Hour Milestone In Afghanistan

Four militants dead in US drone attack: Pakistan officials

US Navy Awards Contract To Prepare Unmanned K-MAX Helicopter For Deployment

Critical Global Hawk Sensor Delivered To USAF

Arianespace Will Orbit Sicral 2 Milcomms Satellites

Codan Receives JITC Certification For 2110 HF Manpack

Northrop Grumman Bids for Marine Corps Common Aviation CnC

DSP Satellite System Celebrates 40 Years

EADS Conducts First Flight Of Armed Aerial Scout 72X TDA

Combined Strategies And Technologies Help IED Fight

Building Begins On Indian Navy's First P-8I Aircraft

Boeing Receives US Army Contract For Tactical Intelligence Aircraft

US Army Awards GD Contract For Stryker Combat-Vehicle Work

Otokar Receives Contract For 6x6 ARMA

Lula hands over jet fighter deal to Dilma

Austerity-hit EU states debate sharing military assets

China: U.S. legislators are 'arrogant'

Commentary: War of the worlds

WikiLeaks' Assange moved to isolation in British jail

Gates to visit China next month: Mullen

Navy test fires electromagnetic cannon

Boeing Installing Beam Control System On HEL Laser Demonstrator

Maritime Laser System Shows Higher Lethality At Longer Ranges

Northrop Grumman To Increase Efficiency For Next-Gen Military Laser Technology

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement