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India's Prithvi-II missile fails to launch

File image: Prithvi-II ballistic missile.

Rocket pioneer Robert Truax dies
Valley Center, Calif. (UPI) Sep 30, 2010 - Robert C. Truax, considered one of the leading rocket scientists of the 20th century, has died in California, his family said. Truax's wife Marisol said he died Sept. 17 in Valley Center of prostate cancer at age 93, The New York Times reported. Truax was a career naval officer lent to the Air Force for top-secret projects and later became a corporate aerospace executive and an entrepreneur, the Times said. In early research for the Navy he laid the groundwork for the liquid-fuelled rockets vital to American space efforts and was a leader in developing the Thor, Viking and Polaris missile programs.

As president of the American Rocket Society, Truax was an indefatigable booster of the American space program. Truax was born Sept. 3, 1917, in Gary, Ind., after which the family moved to Northern California and later settled in Alameda, where Truax completed 12 years of school in nine years and became an Eagle Scout. He graduated from the Naval Academy with a degree in mechanical engineering, writing scientific articles on rockets. Truax is survived by his third wife, Marisol Guzman, four children from his first marriage, two sons from his second, seven grandchildren and 16 great-grandchildren.
by Staff Writers
New Delhi (UPI) Sep 30, 2010
Indian defense scientists are investigating the failure of the surface-to-surface Prithvi-II ballistic missile, which remained on the launch pad during a trial in Chandipur, Orissa.

Observers said the short-range Indian-developed, 4.6-ton nuclear-capable missile became enveloped in orange smoke and the launch was aborted, officials from the Defense Research and Development Organization said.

"The failure to lift Prithvi-II was due to a snag either in the main missile or the sub-system, including the launcher," a DRDO spokesman said.

The test was conducted at the integrated test range, 140 miles from the Orissa state capital Bhubaneswar. It was part of a series being conducted for the military, which has already inducted the missile into its arsenal, so the failure was particularly disappointing, some media reports said.

Retired Air Commodore Jasjit Singh, a military analyst, said the recent failure should be put into perspective.

With a lot of computer simulation available, there needn't be as many as 31 tests for a new missile as there were around 20 or 30 years ago, he said. The past four test firings, all within the year, have been successful.

"We claim too much, too early and perhaps that is a desire to show we are successful," he said. "Don't expect that every time we fire a missile it must work perfectly, that would be wrong. We must expect failures."

The 28-foot-long. single-stage liquid-fuel Prithvi II has been developed by the DRDO and manufactured by Bharat Dynamics, a major munitions and missile manufacturer in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

The missile, capable of a 2,200-pound payload, was first test-fired successfully in 1996 for the Indian air force and its range has been extended over the years from 135 to around 190 nautical miles through an improved aided inertial navigation system.

The launcher for the Prithvi-II is the 8x8-wheel Transporter Erector Launcher, made by Indian vehicle maker Tatra.

A two-stage ship-to-surface solid-fuel Prithvi-III is under development, capable of flexible delivery. It can deliver a 2,200-pound payload around 190 miles, a 1,100-pound payload up to 325 miles or a 550-pound payload around 405 miles. A Prithvi-III was first test-fired in 2000 from the naval vessel Subhadra, a Sukanya class patrol ship.

The Prithvi series of missiles is part of India's indigenous Integrated Guided Missile Development Program initially developed more than 20 years ago. Other missiles produced or under development are the Agni, Trishul, Akash and Nag, as well as a cruise missile.

In July, India successfully test-fired an indigenously developed Astra, its first short-range air-to-air missile, under poor weather conditions during the day and night.

It also was the first night test firing and the first inclement weather launch, for an Astra, the DRDO said.

The Astra will augment the air force's other missiles, the French-made Matra Super 530D and the Russian-made AA-10 Alamo-C and AA-12 Adder.

India also imports Israeli Python and Derby air-to-air missiles.

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