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IRAQ WARS
Iraqi forces close in on IS-held Tal Afar
By Ahmad al-Rubaye
Tal Al-Hessan, Iraq (AFP) Aug 21, 2017


Tal Afar: last jihadist stronghold in northern Iraq
Baghdad (AFP) Aug 20, 2017 - The Iraqi city of Tal Afar is the main remaining stronghold of the Islamic State group in the country's north after the jihadists lost Mosul last month.

Iraqi forces have been preparing for an assault on the city with air strikes and on Sunday Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi announced the start of a ground offensive to capture the city.

Retaking Tal Afar, once a key supply hub between Mosul and the Syrian border, would mark another victory in the battle to retake areas of Iraq and Syria seized by the jihadists in mid-2014.

Ancient city

Once an integral part of the Assyrian empire, Tal Afar's history goes back thousands of years. It is dominated by an Ottoman-era citadel, which was damaged in 2014 when IS militants blew up some of its walls.

In Iraq's northern Nineveh province, it lies some 450 kilometres (240 miles) northwest of the capital Baghdad and about 70 kilometres (45 miles) west of Mosul, Iraq's second city.

Turkmen Shiite enclave

The town had a population of around 200,000 before it fell to IS in the early days of the jihadists' June 2014 offensive in Iraq. Local officials say it is impossible to know the exact number still living inside the city.

The town was a Shiite-majority enclave in the mostly Sunni Muslim area and its population was overwhelmingly Turkmen, one of Iraq's largest ethnic minorities.

Tal Afar's Shiites were directly targeted by IS while some members of its Sunni minority joined the jihadists and went on to form a contingent with a particularly brutal reputation.

Strategic target

On the road between Mosul and the Syrian border, Tal Afar has been a crucial hub in IS supply routes between Iraq and Syria. And while it lacks Mosul's size, the city is of important symbolic value as the last major population centre in northern Iraq still in jihadist hands.

Iran, the region's main Shiite power, and Turkey, which shares a Turkic heritage with the Turkmen, will also be keeping a close eye on developments in the city.

Iraqi forces closed in Monday on Tal Afar on the second day of an offensive against the last major bastion of the Islamic State group in the country's north, seizing several villages around the city.

In the desert plains around Tal Afar, convoys of tanks and armoured vehicles could be seen heading for the jihadist-held city, raising huge clouds of dust.

The offensive launched at dawn Sunday comes only weeks after Iraqi forces retook second city Mosul from IS and as the jihadists also face assaults on their positions in neighbouring Syria.

Tal Afar was once a major supply hub between Mosul and the Syrian border and capturing it would be another major blow to IS's self-declared "caliphate" that once controlled large areas straddling Syria and Iraq.

The Iraqi army, federal police and counter-terrorism forces backed by 20,000 fighters from the Hashed al-Shaabi paramilitary group launched the offensive on Tal Afar.

They are battling IS on three fronts -- the west, south and southeast -- and commanders have told AFP they expect to tighten the noose on the jihadists by edging closer to the gates of the city.

The federal police said its forces had retaken five villages on the western front, with its chief Raed Shakir Jawdat saying they were only "a few hundred metres from Al-Kifah", the nearest western neighbourhood of the city.

The Iran-backed Hashed said its fighters had advanced to the edges of Tal Afar's western suburbs and Iraq's Joint Operations Command said counter-terrorism units had taken five villages from the southwest and "raised the Iraqi flag".

Iraqi forces have been pounding IS with mortar fire after weeks of air strikes to weaken the fighters who overran Tal Afar in 2014.

In an indication of their next target, Iraqi planes on Sunday and Monday dropped leaflets on the town of Hawijah to the south, urging residents to prepare as "retaking your city is the next goal of the armed forces".

The jihadists also still hold areas of the vast western desert province of Anbar, including the Al-Qaim area on the border with war-ravaged Syria.

- Concern for civilians -

The battle for Tal Afar, the last major population centre in northern Iraq under jihadist control, has sparked fears for thousands of civilians trapped inside.

The US-led coalition fighting IS in Iraq and Syria says between 10,000 and 50,000 civilians are estimated to be in and around Tal Afar.

UN humanitarian coordinator Lise Grande said Monday: "Families have walked for up to 20 hours in extreme heat to escape Tal Afar," which was running out of food and water.

Up to 40,000 people have already fled the area of fighting.

When IS captured Tal Afar, the population was estimated at around 200,000 and was overwhelmingly Turkmen, one of Iraq's largest ethnic minorities.

- 'Leave or die' -

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi announced the Tal Afar offensive in a pre-dawn televised speech Sunday, warning IS jihadists that they had "no choice other than to leave or be killed".

"We have won all our battles, and Daesh have always lost," he said, wearing black military fatigues and using an Arabic name for the group.

The US-led coalition welcomed the start of the assault and pledged its continued support for Iraqi forces battling the jihadists.

The "operation to liberate Tal Afar is another important fight that must be won to ensure the country and its citizens are finally free of ISIS", the head of the anti-IS coalition Lieutenant General Stephen Townsend said in a statement, using another acronym for IS.

bur-sbh/mm-hc/srm

Humanitarian Coordinator Lise Grande said that families have walked for up to 20 hours in extreme heat to escape Tal Afar, which is running out of food and water.

Up to 40,000 people have already left the district. The UN and its partners do not know how many are still left in the area where there is fighting, but we are preparing for thousands more to flee in the coming days and weeks.

IRAQ WARS
Iraq begins battle to retake Tal Afar, IS bastion near Mosul: PM
Baghdad (AFP) Aug 20, 2017
Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi announced early Sunday the start of a battle to retake Tal Afar, a key Northern Iraqi bastion of the Islamic State (IS) group and one of their last remaining strongholds in the region. The announcement comes a month after the capture by Iraqi forces of second city Mosul further east in a major blow to the jihadists. In a televised speech, Abadi, dress ... read more

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