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NATO says it 'has the resources' to maintain Libya mission
by Staff Writers
Brussels (AFP) June 14, 2011

NATO on assured Tuesday it has sufficient resources to continue its air campaign in Libya, despite fears the alliance could run out of steam as Moamer Khadafi digs in his heels.

Amid signs of military strain in the three-month war effort, NATO moved to reassure it could maintain its mission to ground Kadhafi's air force and limit the regime's ability to launch attacks against civilians.

"We continue to maintain a high tempo of operation," NATO spokeswoman Oana Lungescu told reporters.

"It is clear that NATO has the resources to keep up the pressure on the Kadhafi regime. We know it takes time."

The assurances came days after outgoing US Defence Secretary Robert Gates admonished NATO allies, saying shrinking military budgets put both the Libya mission and the alliance's future at risk.

"Frankly, many of those allies sitting on the sidelines (in Libya) do so not because they do not want to participate, but simply because they cannot. The military capabilities simply aren't there," Gates said in Brussels on Friday.

In illustration, Norway last week announced a cutback in its participation -- of six F-16 fighter jets -- amid reports Denmark was running out of bombs and had asked the Netherlands to help replenish its stock.

Tuesday, senior brass from Britain and France, key players in the Libya campaign, publicly worried about how to maintain an operation just extended a further three months from June 27.

"How long can we go on as we are in Libya?" Britain's First Sea Lord, Admiral Mark Stanhope, asked.

"Certainly in terms of NATO's current time limit that has been extended to 90 days, we are comfortable with that. Beyond that, we might have to request the government to make some challenging decisions about priorities."

In similar comments, a top NATO commander, French General Stephane Abrial, said the issue of resources "will become critical" if the conflict drags on.

The country's sole aircraft carrier, the Charles de Gaulle, for example will have to be taken out of service for the whole of 2012 if deployed off Libya until the end of this year, said Navy chief, Admiral Pierre-Francois Forissier.

France is spending 1.2 million euros ($1.7 million) a day in Libya, defence ministry sources said.

"Should resources be used to reduce public deficits or for the operation in Libya? This is a real political choice," said consultant Joseph Henrotin of the Paris-based Centre for Risk Analysis and Forecast. (CAPRI).

Gates last week also said many allies lacked intelligence and surveillance aircraft and specialists, which meant the US military had to step in to ensure that allied fighter jets could identify and strike targets.

"The mightiest military alliance in history is only 11 weeks into an operation against a poorly armed regime in a sparsely populated country -- yet many allies are beginning to run short of munitions, requiring the US, once more, to make up the difference," Gates said.

With only eight of the alliance's 28 members conducting air strikes in Libya, the NATO spokeswoman said members are partners currently were "considering how they can best provide the necessary resources to see this mission through."

South Africa meanwhile blasted NATO over the strikes saying they were targeted at toppling Kadhafi and staging political killings.

President Jacob Zuma told parliament Tuesday that a UN resolution meant to protect civilians was being "abused for regime change, political assassinations and foreign military occupation."

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NATO abusing UN resolutions on Libya: Zuma
Johannesburg (AFP) June 14, 2011 - NATO is abusing the United Nations resolution meant to protect Libyan civilians for regime change and "political assassinations," South African President Jacob Zuma said Tuesday.

"We have spoken out against the misuse of the good intentions in Resolution 1973, which was co-sponsored by the Arab League and supported by African countries in the UN Security Council.

"We strongly believe that the resolution is being abused for regime change, political assassinations and foreign military occupation," Zuma said in a speech to parliament.

Zuma held "lengthy discussions" with Moamer Kadhafi last month but failed to close the gap between the Libyan leader and rebels on a peace plan proposed by the African Union.

He said NATO's actions undermined AU efforts in finding solutions, saying: "It also flies in the face of all efforts to promote the sanctity of international law.

"All parties must respect human rights and comply with international humanitarian law," Zuma said.

He said he hoped a briefing by an AU committee on Libya to the UN Security Council on Wednesday would lead to common ground being found towards a lasting solution to the crisis.

South Africa has consistently slammed the air strikes against Kadhafi's regime despite voting for the United Nations' no-fly zone resolution that led to the NATO campaign.

But it has simultaneously condemned attacks on civilians as a "heinous violation of human rights against (Kadhafi's) own people."

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Britain facing tough choices over Libya campaign: navy
London (AFP) June 14, 2011
Britain could have to make tough choices about its military priorities if the Libya campaign drags on, the head of the Royal Navy said Monday, in comments that called recent defence cuts into question. Admiral Mark Stanhope, the First Sea Lord, said Britain might have to rethink its priorities if the operation went on longer than six months. Elements of the campaign would have been cheap ... read more

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