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Pakistan Says New Nuclear Reactor Safe In Our Hands

This combination image made from satellite photos received 24 July, 2006 from the Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS)shows what appears to be construction in 2005(L) and 2006(R) of a heavy water production reactor inside the Khusab complex in Pakistan. Photo courtesy of AFP.
by Danny Kemp
Kuala Lumpur (AFP) Jul 31, 2006
Pakistani Foreign Minister Khurshid Kasuri said a powerful new nuclear reactor under construction was "safe in our hands" and would not spark an arms race with rival India. The United States has urged Islamabad, its close ally in the "war on terror", not to use the reactor at the Khushab nuclear complex to bolster its atomic weapons capability.

"It's nothing new, the world knows about it, the world knows that it's safe in our hands," Kasuri told AFP in an interview late Friday at a meeting of Asia's top security forum in Kuala Lumpur.

"It's five years old, it's nearing completion now, I don't know the timing," added Kasuri, the first senior Pakistani official to talk about the plant.

International observers reacted with alarm after the Washington Post on Monday reported the reactor's existence, citing the US-based International Institute for Science and International Security.

The group said satellite photos showed the heavy water reactor could produce more than 200 kilogrammes (440 pounds) of weapons-grade plutonium a year. This would be enough to make 40-50 nuclear weapons every year.

Pakistan remains at the heart of an investigtion into a nuclear blackmarket headed by its disgraced chief nuclear scientist, Abdul Qadeer Khan, who confessed in 2004 to passing atomic secrets to Iran, Libya and North Korea.

Kasuri, speaking at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum, did not specify whether or not the new nuclear plant in Pakistan's Punjab province would be used to produce nuclear weapons.

But he insisted that Pakistan had legislation in place to cover its use and that it abided by international regulations.

"We passed comprehensive export-control legislation, we are adopting the best practices, this is in consonance with the NSG (Nuclear Suppliers' Group) guidelines," he said.

White House spokesman Tony Snow said this week that the United States was aware of the plans, while another US official said Washington had been tracking it for "several years".

Pakistan and India, who have fought three wars since independence from Britain, carried out tit-for-tat nuclear detonations in 1998 that provoked a global storm of protest.

Kasuri dismissed suggestions that new atomic plant could spark a fresh arms race with India, saying: "It's nothing new, it's five years old, if it had caused an arms race that was five years ago, not today."

Asked why the giant reactor was needed if Pakistan and India were trying to make peace, he said: "The (nuclear) programme started with India so one might ask them first."

Kasuri said A.Q. Khan's network had been dismantled and he defended Pakistan's refusal to let other countries question him. Military ruler President Pervez Musharraf pardoned Khan, who now effectively lives under house arrest.

"The countries with whom we have cooperated know about the level of cooperation that we have extended with A.Q. Khan," Kasuri said.

"When we have had long questionnaires (about Khan) addressed to us we have responded to them point by point, very meaningfully and effectively."

Meanwhile Kasuri said he was hopeful that senior Indian and Pakistani officials who are set to meet in Dhaka on August 1 would "not miss this opportunity" to get peace talks back on track.

The two countries launched a peace process in 2004 but it has been on ice since the Mumbai bomb blasts this month that killed more than 180 people. New Delhi said the bombers had links to Pakistan.

Source: Agence France-Presse

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