Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. Military Space News .

Subscribe free to our newsletters via your

US Congress warned of Chinese cyber, space threats

"China is aggressively pursuing cyber warfare capabilities that may provide it with an asymmetric advantage against the United States," the commission said. "In a conflict situation, this advantage would reduce current US conventional military dominance."
by Staff Writers
Washington (AFP) Nov 21, 2008
China has developed a sophisticated cyber warfare program and stepped up its capacity to penetrate US computer networks to extract sensitive information, a US congressional panel warned on Thursday.

"China has an active cyber espionage program," the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission said in its annual report to the US Congress. "China is targeting US government and commercial computers."

In its 393-page report, the panel also criticized Beijing for exercising "heavy-handed government control" over its economy and "continuing arms sales and military support to rogue regimes" such as Sudan, Myanmar and Iran.

The commission also issued a warning about China's space program. "China continues to make significant progress in developing space capabilities, many of which easily translate to enhanced military capacity," it said.

"Although some Chinese space programs have no explicit military intent, many space systems -- such as communications, navigation, meteorological, and imagery systems -- are dual use in nature," the commission said.

The commission, which was established by Congress in 2000 to analyze the economic and national security relationship between the two nations, said China was investing heavily in cyber warfare.

"Since China's current cyber operations capability is so advanced, it can engage in forms of cyber warfare so sophisticated that the United States may be unable to counteract or even detect the efforts," the commission said.

It said Chinese hacker groups may be operating with government support.

"By some estimates, there are 250 hacker groups in China that are tolerated and may even be encouraged by the government to enter and disrupt computer networks," the commission said.

It quoted Colonel Gary McAlum, chief of staff for the US Strategic Command's Joint Task Force for Global Network Operations, as saying China has recognized the importance of cyber operations as a tool of warfare and "has the intent and capability to conduct cyber operations anywhere in the world at any time."

"China is aggressively pursuing cyber warfare capabilities that may provide it with an asymmetric advantage against the United States," the commission said. "In a conflict situation, this advantage would reduce current US conventional military dominance."

The commission recalled that unclassified US military, government and government contractor websites and computer systems were the victims of cyber intrusions in 2002 codenamed "Titan Rain" and attributed to China.

And earlier this month The Financial Times, citing an unnamed senior US official, reported that Chinese hackers -- possibly with backing by the Beijing government -- had penetrated the White House computer network and obtained emails between government officials.

The commission made 45 recommendations to Congress including possible "additional funding for military, intelligence and homeland security programs that monitor and protect critical American computer networks."

On the economic front, the commission said "China relies on heavy-handed government control over its economy to maintain an export advantage over other countries."

"The result: China has amassed nearly two trillion dollars in foreign exchange and has increasingly used its hoard to manipulate currency trading and diplomatic relations with other nations," it said.

"Rather than use this money for the benefit of its citizens -- by funding pensions and erecting hospitals and schools, for example -- China has been using the funds to seek political and economic influence over other nations," said Larry Wortzel, chairman of the commission.

Beijing's "continuing arms sales and military support to rogue regimes, namely Sudan, Burma, and Iran, threaten the stability of fragile regions and hinder US and international efforts to address international crises, such as the genocide in Darfur," the commission added.

The commission acknowledged some progress by China, specifically its adherence to non-proliferation agreements and involvement in the six-party talks to dismantle North Korea's nuclear weapons production capacity.

But it criticized China's use of prison labor to produce goods for export and an "information control regime" that it said regulates the print and broadcast media, Internet, entertainment and education.

The report is available on the commission's website at

Share This Article With Planet Earth DiggDigg RedditReddit
YahooMyWebYahooMyWeb GoogleGoogle FacebookFacebook

Related Links
Military Space News at

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

ATCi Warrior Satellite Surveillance And Monitoring Systems
San Diego CA (SPX) Nov 21, 2008
Antenna Technology Communications has announced at the Milcom Conference in San Diego, the deployment of its Warrior Satellite Monitoring and Surveillance System throughout the Asian region.

  • China angrily dismisses US congressional report
  • China, Russia pledge deeper cooperation
  • US Remains Key Security And Economic Partner In East Asia
  • Cooperation is essential for security in Europe: Lavrov

  • Syria dismisses nuclear allegations
  • Solana 'worried' by Iran's lack of cooperation on nuclear issue
  • Use of nuclear weapons more likely in future: US intelligence
  • Pakistan president says supports no-first-use nuclear policy

  • Army Developed Missile System Aids In Protecting New Class Of Navy Ship
  • Spanish Army Conducts Successful NASAMS Live-Fire Exercise
  • Russia To Equip Five Brigades With Iskander Missile Systems By 2015
  • US denounces Iran missile test

  • US to activate anti-missile radar in Israel next month
  • Raytheon's JLENS Conducts Successful Design Reviews
  • Lavrov, Rice discuss missile defence: Moscow
  • Japan says US missile defence test fails

  • Two China airlines to get govt aid: state media
  • China's air show saw four bln dollars in deals: report
  • China plane-makers take first steps to rival global giants
  • Aviation giants look to China amid global turbulence

  • Russian Military Considers Buying Aerial Drones From Israel
  • Major Al-Qaeda operative killed in US drone strike: Pakistan security
  • German Forces Test Stabilized Camera System For Mini-UAV
  • Honeywell Wins First Production Contract For T-Hawk Micro Air Vehicle

  • Vote on US-Iraq pact set for Wednesday after stormy debate
  • Dismantling US military presence in Iraq looms as big task
  • Security firms told they lose immunity in Iraq: official
  • Iraqi ministers warn against rejecting US military pact

  • Arnold Engineers Test Army Weapon To Evaluate Its Capability
  • LM F-35 Lightning II Flies Supersonic
  • Safer, More Reliable Electroshock Weapons
  • LockMart Receives Contract For Paveway II Laser Guided Bomb Kits

  • The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2007 - SpaceDaily.AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement