Russia says Iranian enrichment freeze is sole demand
MOSCOW, May 3 (AFP) May 03, 2008
Russia on Saturday said that world powers concerned about Iran's nuclear programme were asking Tehran only to suspend uranium enrichment during a period of talks.
Following a meeting on Iran in London of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said no mention had been made of new sanctions and that Tehran must be made to see the advantages of cooperation.
"Our first conditions are the freezing, suspension of uranium enrichment. The approach of the six (powers) is that Iran should suspend enrichment only for the period in which talks continue," Lavrov told the Interfax and ITAR-TASS news agencies.
"There wasn't anything about new sanctions although our American colleagues take the view that pressure on Iran must be maintained.
"It's necessary to explain to Iran the advantages it would receive from agreeing to start talks, on the basis of one condition -- the freezing of uranium enrichment," Lavrov said.
Western powers fear Tehran wants to use its nuclear programme to make atomic weapons but the Islamic republic insists the drive is peaceful and solely aimed at providing energy for a growing population.
The six have been using a mix of incentives and sanctions to try to persuade Iran to rein in its nuclear work.
Following Friday's talks in London, British Foreign Secretary David Miliband said the powers had "reviewed and updated" an offer made to Iran in June 2006, but that the contents of the new proposal would only be disclosed to the Islamic republic.
The proposals are in the areas of energy, trade and investment and regional security, Lavrov said.
French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner said on Friday the proposals were more "precise and detailed" than before.
The six powers have offered technical, political and economic rewards to Tehran for suspending its nuclear programme.
At the same time, the UN Security Council has adopted three resolutions imposing sanctions on Iran for its refusal to suspend its uranium enrichment activities.
Russia has relatively close ties to Iran despite historical tensions and has generally taken a softer approach on the sanctions issue than the United States.
Russia has coordinated its position with neighbouring China, a fellow UN Security Council member.
Analysts say Moscow is keen to keep a check on Iranian influence in mainly Muslim southern Russia and in the ex-Soviet states of Central Asia, but has mainly done so through "soft" diplomacy.
Russia is building Iran's first nuclear power station at Bushehr under a deal by which Moscow has supplied enriched uranium and will remove the fuel after use.
Deliveries of the enriched fuel were started last December and completed in January under a process designed to persuade Iran that it has no need to enrich fuel itself.All rights reserved. © 2005 Agence France-Presse. Sections of the information displayed on this page (dispatches, photographs, logos) are protected by intellectual property rights owned by Agence France-Presse. As a consequence, you may not copy, reproduce, modify, transmit, publish, display or in any way commercially exploit any of the content of this section without the prior written consent of Agence France-Presse.