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THE STANS
Baghdad accuses Kurds of 'declaration of war'
By Sarah Benhaida with Ahmad al-Rubaye in Taza Khurmatu
Baghdad (AFP) Oct 15, 2017


Turkey says ready to help Iraq to oust Kurdish fighters
Ankara (AFP) Oct 16, 2017 - Turkey on Monday said it was ready to help the Iraqi government oust Kurdish fighters from the disputed city of Kirkuk.

Ankara fears independence moves by the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) could spark similar moves by its own Kurdish minority.

"We are ready for any form of cooperation with the Iraqi government in order to end the PKK presence in Iraqi territory," the Turkish foreign ministry said, referring to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which Ankara has outlawed.

Iraq's National Security Council on Sunday said it viewed as a "declaration of war" the presence of "fighters not belonging to the regular security forces in Kirkuk", including fighters from the PKK.

On Monday, Iraqi forces took control of a military airport near Kirkuk from Kurdish fighters.

Tensions have mounted since a controversial September 25 independence referendum, which irked Baghdad as well as neighbouring Turkey and Iran.

Turkish authorities said Ankara would now talk to the central government in Baghdad rather than Iraqi Kurdish leaders, with whom they had forged close ties in the past.

The PKK, which has waged an insurgency inside Turkey since 1984, is listed as a terror group by Turkey and much of the international community including the United States.

The referendum was held in the three provinces of the autonomous Kurdish region and also in adjacent Kurdish-held areas, including Kirkuk, which are claimed by both Baghdad and Iraqi Kurdistan.

Turkey has fiercely opposed the referendum and slammed it as null and void.

"We are warning the (Kurdistan regional government) not to add to the grave mistakes it has made in recent times," the foreign ministry said.

"Those who help the PKK terror group ... find safe haven in this region will be held responsible also by us."

Baghdad said Sunday that foreign Kurdish forces were present in the province of Kirkuk in what amounted to a "declaration of war", dramatically raising the stakes in its dispute with Iraq's Kurds.

Kurdish officials denied Baghdad's claim that forces from Turkey's outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) were among its peshmerga fighters in an armed standoff with Iraqi troops in the oil-rich province.

But the National Security Council headed by Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said PKK fighters were among "fighters not belonging to regular security forces in Kirkuk", a move it called "a dangerous escalation".

"It is impossible to remain silent" faced with "a declaration of war towards Iraqis and government forces," it said in a statement.

"The central government and regular forces will carry out their duty of defending the Iraqi people in all its components including the Kurds, and of defending Iraq's sovereignty and unity," it added.

General Jabar Yawer, chief of the peshmerga ministry, rejected the Iraqi claims. "There are no PKK forces in Kirkuk, but there are some volunteers who sympathise with the PKK," he said.

Baghdad's statement came just hours before the expiry of a new deadline for Kurdish peshmerga fighters to withdraw from disputed areas they took in 2014 during the fightback against the Islamic State jihadist group.

Crisis talks on Sunday made little headway in resolving the standoff between Kurdish and Iraqi forces in the province, three weeks after a contested Kurdish independence vote.

- Fruitless talks -

Iraqi President Fuad Masum, himself a Kurd, met with Iraqi Kurdish leader Massud Barzani in Dukan in Sulaimaniyah province for several hours, after an overnight deadline for Kurds to withdraw was extended by a day.

A statement after the talks made no mention of the call to pull the peshmerga back, instead renewing an offer of dialogue and warning that "military intervention or troop movements" by Iraqi forces would wreck hopes of a peaceful solution.

Hemin Hawrami, an adviser to Barzani, said in a tweet that the main Kurdish parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), had agreed to "reject any demands to nullify the referendum results" and to "refuse preconditions" on talks.

Baghdad has demanded the Kurds scrap the results of the September 25 non-binding referendum that produced a resounding "yes" for independence for the autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq.

Tensions have soared in the wake of the vote, with the crisis raising fears of fresh chaos just as the country's forces are on the verge of routing IS from the last territory it controls in Iraq.

- Oil fields contested -

In Taza Khormatu, a town just south of Kirkuk, an AFP photographer saw tanks, armoured vehicles and artillery deploying on Sunday.

A Kurdish official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said about a dozen Kurdish homes were torched in Taza Khormatu, blaming Turkmen units based in a nearby town.

As well as heavily armed federal troops, members of the Hashed al-Shaabi, or Popular Mobilisation forces, which are dominated by Iran-backed Shiite militias, have massed around Kirkuk.

Long claimed by the Kurds as part of their historic territory, the province has emerged as the main flashpoint in the dispute.

Polling during the referendum was held not only in the three provinces of the autonomous Kurdish region but also in adjacent Kurdish-held areas, including Kirkuk, that are claimed by both Baghdad and Iraqi Kurdistan.

The referendum was declared illegal by Baghdad and held despite international opposition.

The Kurds control the city of Kirkuk and three major oil fields in the province that produce some 250,000 barrels per day, accounting for 40 percent of Iraqi Kurdistan's oil exports.

The fields would provide crucial revenue to Baghdad, which has been left cash-strapped from the global fall in oil prices and three years of battle against IS. Iraq is also demanding the return of a military base and a nearby airport, according to the Kurds.

Abadi said this week that he was "not going... to make war on our Kurdish citizens" but has also rejected any negotiations until the independence vote is annulled.

Tensions have also risen between the Kurds and Ankara and Tehran since the independence vote, which both countries fear will stoke the separatist ambitions of their own sizeable Kurdish minorities.

Iraq's foreign ministry said Iran on Sunday closed its border crossings with Iraqi Kurdistan at Baghdad's request. A local Kurdish official confirmed the crossings were closed, though Tehran earlier denied the move had been taken.

THE STANS
Afghan civilian casualties soar as US ramps up airstrikes
Kabul (AFP) Oct 12, 2017
Civilian casualties caused by airstrikes in Afghanistan surged in the first nine months of this year, the United Nations said Thursday, as the US ramps up aerial attacks in the war-torn country. Women and children accounted for more than two thirds of the victims, the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan said in a report, a toll increased by the Afghan Air Force carrying out its own aerial ... read more

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