Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. Military Space News .

Subscribe free to our newsletters via your

Baghdad printers working flat out ahead of Iraq polls

Top Shiite cleric urges clergy to stay neutral in Iraq vote
Najaf, Iraq (AFP) Feb 27, 2010 - Iraq's top Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani called on his fellow clerics on Saturday to stay neutral in next month's general election after one launched a withering attack on close allies of the prime minister. "I renew my appeal to people linked to the Marjaiya (the Shiite spiritual leadership) to maintain a strict neutrality towards political parties," Sistani said in a message to his representatives across Iraq released by his office in the shrine city of Najaf. "We have heard some teachers and students in the Hawza (the leading Shiite seminaries in Najaf) have been attributing to His Eminence Ali Sistani sympathy for certain lists taking part in the election. "I deny that categorically and I ask that my appeal be widely circulated."

Sistani's office said that to underscore his call for neutrality the grand ayatollah had decided not to receive any politician during the campaign for the March 7 election. The four-strong Marjaiya headed by Sistani backed the United Iraqi Alliance in the last parliamentary election in 2005. But it had not previously endorsed any list for this year's election after Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki defected with several allies to form a rival grouping, leaving a rump Shiite bloc now dubbed the National Iraqi Alliance (NIA). However, on Thursday one of the other members of the Marjaiya, Ayatollah Bashir al-Najafi, broke ranks, hitting out at a number of key allies of Maliki and accusing them of negligence and corruption. "There are people in the executive authority who have betrayed the country, who have stolen public money or create sectarianism in the country like Education Minister Khudair al-Khuzai," Najafi said. Najafi also slammed "corruption and negligence in most fields providing services to the population like water, electricity, agriculture, oil and ration cards."

Khuzai, acting Commerce Minister Safaldin al-Safi, who is responsible for the ration card system, and Oil Minister Hussein al-Shahristani are all standing for election as part of Maliki's State of Law bloc. Electricity Minister Karim Wahid and Agriculture Minister Ali al-Bahadli are also seen as close to the premier. NIA leaders rejoiced at their rivals' discomfort. "Ayatollah Najafi is looking after the interests of Iraqis and has clearly identified the sources of incompetence and corruption," said former deputy prime minister Ahmed Chalabi. Asked if he thought Najafi's views reflected broader thinking among the top Shiite clergy, Chalabi said: "I don't know exactly how they work but I'm sure they talk to each other." Sistani has always argued that the Marjaiya should restrict itself to spiritual guidance and not adopt a political role like that championed in Iran by the leader of the 1979 revolution Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and continued by his successor as supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
by Staff Writers
Baghdad (AFP) Feb 26, 2010
Business has never been so good for Iraq's printers in the runup to the March 7 election, but the boom has its own headaches in a country short on printing presses and rife with religious sensitivities.

"In two weeks, I've pocketed what I would normally make in six months," says Omar Hamid, owner of the Al-Sima printing press in central Baghdad's Al-Mutanabi neighbourhood.

"I'm very happy with democracy. If it were up to me, we would have elections every year," the 31-year-old adds with a smile.

The parliamentary election is likely to generate around 10 million dollars for the country's 500-odd printing press owners, including six million dollars for the 150 or so in Baghdad alone, printers say.

Demand has been so high since the campaign kicked off on February 12 that Hamid has temporarily suspended printing calendars, books and office supplies, normally the mainstay of his business.

"I've been printing campaign materials for 50 candidates across the political spectrum," he says.

It is a far cry from the last parliamentary elections, in 2005, when rampant sectarian violence meant taking on certain clients could jeopardise a printer's safety.

Hamid recalls how he only printed campaign materials for Sunni candidates because Sunni armed groups controlled the neighbourhood, a situation that was common at the time.

From 2005 to 2007, despite the US military presence, armed groups effectively ruled Baghdad and the capital's historic centre was in the hands of Sunni rebels and Al-Qaeda. Those who disobeyed them faced almost certain death.

The country's printers are now experiencing difficulties of another kind.

"I am under pressure because the candidates waited until the last minute," Hamid says, almost shouting over the din of his printing presses.

"They wanted to know their rank on their party list and be sure that they were not barred from running because of links to the Baath party."

He was referring to a controverisal decision by the Justice and Accountability Committee to bar 456 candidates with alleged links to former dictator Saddam Hussein's Baath party.

Close to Hamid's printing shop, the Al-Qama graphic design firm is also hard at work. While large political parties have produced their own campaign posters, smaller groups and individual candidates often give the job to businesses like Al-Qama.

Aamer Ajami, who co-owns the company with his three brothers, says a candidate recently entered Al-Qama's offices with nothing but a photograph and a pile of cash.

"He gave us carte blanche with just one request... that we find photos of a school or a hospital and say on the posters that he built it," says 31-year-old Ajami, who learned graphic design in Jordan.

That level of responsibility has led to problems.

A Shiite candidate, Sheikh Hussein Salman al-Maraabi, refused an Al-Qama delivery because it showed a woman dressed in black, as a sign of mourning, with her bare hands raised in the air.

"He said to us 'We are Muslims, how dare you print pictures of women whose hands are not covered in gloves,'" Ajami says.

Sunni candidates, meanwhile, have their own concerns.

The National Concord Front forbids female candidates from publishing their photos, and Ajami's younger brother Khaled says for one of them, Faiza Ahmed, he replaced her picture with that of a craggy-faced farmer.

"With the (Sunni) men, we committed a different blunder. We printed a photo of a weeping woman with a black headscarf. But she was Shiite, and Sunnis wear white headscarves," the 27-year-old explains.

Would-be MPs are also battling with new rules from the election commission -- they can no longer simply paste their campaign posters onto walls, and must instead use pins to affix them, or use more expensive canvas tarpaulin.

"One canvas poster measuring 2.5 metres (2.7 yards) by six metres costs around 225 dollars," says Amer Hussein, the owner of the Dar al-Azdika printing press. "It's expensive, but even the small candidates are asking for it."

Sitting in Hussein's waiting room is Laith Reza of the Movement for the Future of the Self-Employed, a small, largely unknown party fielding 64 candidates in Baghdad.

"The campaign is costing us 50 million dinars (43,000 dollars), and hopefully we will have one member elected," he says.

Concerns aside, business remains brisk for the capital's printers, with 39-year-old Hussein even turning people away. "I have stopped taking orders. I cannot deliver on them before the elections."

Share This Article With Planet Earth DiggDigg RedditReddit
YahooMyWebYahooMyWeb GoogleGoogle FacebookFacebook

Related Links
Iraq: The first technology war of the 21st century

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

Iraq Sunni bloc ends poll boycott
Baghdad (AFP) Feb 25, 2010
Iraq's leading Sunni Arab political bloc announced on Thursday that it will take part in next month's general election and urged its followers to turn out in numbers. The about-face by the National Dialogue Front (NDF) comes just five days after it said it was withdrawing from the vote, only the second parliamentary poll since Saddam Hussein was ousted by a US-led invasion in 2003. "We c ... read more

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement