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WAR REPORT
Bound by restrictions, media in Mali struggle to report
by Staff Writers
Paris (AFP) Jan 28, 2013


French, Malian troops control Timbuktu: sources
Bamako (AFP) Jan 28, 2013 - French and Malian troops seized control of the fabled city of Timbuktu on Monday, a bastion of radical Islamists occupying northern Mali since last April, military and government sources said.

"The Malian army and the French army are in complete control of the town of Timbuktu. Everything is under control," a colonel in the Malian army said on condition of anonymity.

Timbuktu Mayor Halley Ousmane, who is in the capital Bamako, confirmed that his town had "fallen into the hands of the French and Malians".

The French-led troops surrounded the ancient desert city by Monday morning, sending ground troops in to seize the airport while paratroopers swooped in to block Islamists from fleeing, with back-up from combat helicopters.

However before the armies arrived, the Islamists reportedly torched a building housing priceless ancient manuscripts. The extent of the damage to the centuries-old documents was not known.

The Ahmed Baba Centre was built with funds donated from South Africa and opened in 2009 to house the documents, seen as critical to Africa's history.

Shamil Jeppie of the Timbuktu Manuscripts Project at the University of Cape Town said he had no news from the ground but believed some of the most important documents may have been smuggled out or hidden in recent months.

"I've heard from reliable sources on the ground that the private libraries took good care of hiding or taking out their stuff," Jeppie said.

"The only redeeming thing I can say for the Ahmed Baba, the official state library, is that they managed to take out their hard drives with the digitised copies on. That was within the first month of the crisis."

He said the library was "a very important cultural treasure for Africa and for humanity".

"We have so precious little written sources for African history and here we have a rich heritage," he said, adding that some sources dated back to the 14th century.

"These are serious collections, substantial and serious bodies of material."

Italy goes back on Mali conflict support promise
Rome (AFP) Jan 28, 2013 - Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti on Monday indicated Rome was scrapping plans to provide logistical support for French-led forces in Mali due to a failure among the main parties to reach a political deal ahead of elections next month.

"I asked the leaders of the three parties of the majority to give their views but we did not receive the support we had hoped for," Monti, who is himself running as leader of the coalition of centrist parties, said in an interview with La7 television.

Defence Minister Giampaolo Di Paola last week said Italy would send a refuelling plane and two transport planes to carry troops and equipment in the conflict against Islamist-led rebels in Mali.

While expressing Italy's "strong support" for the operation, however, Foreign Minister Giulio Terzi said that "internal political conditions" meant Rome could not offer concrete backing at the moment.

It was not immediately clear whether the change of heart would also include the group of 15 to 24 instructors that Italy is planning to send as part of a European mission to train Malian troops.

France is keeping a tight lid on media reporting on the conflict in northern Mali, where foreign journalists there to cover the fighting have been kept away from the frontline.

More than two weeks into the assault on Islamist fighters spearheaded by French special forces, the few images of the battlegrounds that have emerged from a virtual media blackout were provided by the French army.

"The French and Malian military authorities want to keep journalists away from the combat zone," said Ambroise Pierre of Paris-based media advocates Reporters Without Borders.

This, he acknowledges, is nothing unusual.

"In armed conflicts, keeping journalists at a distance is more the rule than the exception," he said.

But, he added, France appeared to be taking fewer journalists embedded with its troops than usual.

Officials close to French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian say that 150 journalists from 40 different news organisations have been travelling with French troops for the last 10 days.

Every day, the defence ministry has been sending fresh images and video to reporters, ministry officials say.

But reporting restrictions are tighter in Mali than in Afghanistan, where French forces also served, says AFP correspondent Marc Bastian.

"Over there, the French army let us get to the combat zone," he said.

In Mali, "it is the French special forces who are on the frontline, clearing the way and carrying out reconnaissance missions," he added.

Journalists cannot get closer than 100 kilometres (60 miles) to the fighting in Mali, according to Reporters Without Borders.

For Pierre Grange, a veteran correspondent with French television channel TF1, one factor complicating the situation is that French television is broadcast in Mali, a former French colony.

"The army doesn't want to give information that could help the other side," he said.

Malian troops have also tried to hinder journalists trying to move across Mali's vast desert north -- an area twice the size of France -- by putting roadblocks in place.

"The Malian army has taken it badly that we have reported witness accounts accusing them of abuses," said Grange.

At a hotel taken over by foreign reporters in Sevare, on the edge of the combat zone around 630 kilometres north of the capital Bamako, Spanish freelancer Jose Navarro told how he and other media were cleared for a brief visit to the central town of Konna.

"The officer told us it was 'a guided visit' and that there were certain things that we couldn't see," he said.

Konna was the first town to be recaptured from Islamists by French and Malian soldiers at the start of their joint offensive on January 11, and suffered heavy casualties from French airstrikes.

"The people of Konna told us dozens of people had died in the fighting. But a week later, we had had no clear information," Navarro added.

Mali's authorities say the roadblocks are needed because of the risk that journalists could be abducted or killed by Islamist fighters.

France's foreign ministry has already urged journalists in the country to respect the security instructions they are given.

But Reporters Without Borders says only journalists themselves can decide what risks to take, and that they must be allowed to do their jobs.

"In war time, it is up to journalists and their news organisations, not the military, to determine the risk they are prepared to take in order to gather information," said a statement from the organisation.

Outside Mopti, a town 720 kilometres southwest of the fabled desert city of Timbuktu -- which French-led troops had surrounded Monday -- one Malian officer insisted that the zone was not yet safe enough.

"Security is our duty," Colonel Amadou Diarra told journalists frustrated at being kept far from the fighting on Sunday.

"Isolated action, suicide attacks can happen.... A disguised individual with explosives can do anything.

"The movement of journalists will be done gradually, as we advance," he said. "We have nothing to hide."

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