Subscribe free to our newsletters via your
. Military Space News .

Crisis-torn Somalia faces new dangers
by Staff Writers
Mogadishu, Somalia (UPI) Nov 20, 2012

disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

Somalia, gripped by war for more than two decades, is facing another violent spasm as Islamist fighters of al-Shabaab, linked to al-Qaida, unleash a guerrilla campaign after being driven out of their urban strongholds by Western-backed African forces.

After African Union forces took al-Shabaab's main stronghold and financial hub, the strategic Indian Ocean port of Kismayo, Sept. 29, the Islamists dispersed across southern Somalia, splitting up into guerrilla units.

But that's only one of several dangers the battered Horn of Africa country faces, despite the security and political gains made by the United Nations-supported Transitional Federal Government in recent months and the AU peacekeeping force known as Amisom.

The TFG has long been weak and inept, plagued by corruption and the clan rivalries that have made Somalia a failed state and wracked by perennial clan fighting.

It was only advances made against al-Shabaab by the 17,600-person Amisom, backed by U.S. Special Forces and U.S. military aid, in a yearlong offensive that has made the recent gains possible.

Al-Shabaab has undoubtedly stirred unrest among the fractious clans as a new government in Mogadishu struggles to rule.

The Islamists have launched a wide-ranging campaign of hit-and-run attacks, including suicide bombings. These are a specialty of the groups' foreign faction, which includes veterans of jihadist operations in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq and Yemen.

Al-Shabaab groups have even succeeded in taking control of the southern port of Merca, north of Kismayo, as much as anywhere in lawless Somalia can be said to be dominated by any faction.

On Oct. 28, a senior Somalia commander, Gen. Mohamed Ibrahim Farah, was killed in an al-Shabaab ambush in the Lower Shabelle region.

But the greatest danger that Somalia will be plunged back into anarchy comes from one of the TFG's strongest allies -- neighboring Uganda, whose troops comprise about one-third of Amisom's strength.

The government in Kampala has declared it will pull out its troops unless the U.N. Security Council unreservedly withdraws an October accusation that Uganda's aiding rebel forces in the mineral-rich Kivu region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, which has been ravaged by war since 1986.

The Kampala government denies it's providing men and weapons to the M23 rebel movement, which is led by a veteran jungle warlord named Bosco Ntaganda, aka "the Terminator."

He's wanted for war crimes committed during the seemingly endless, multifaceted Congolese conflict by the International Criminal Court.

If Uganda makes good on its threat to pull out from Somalia and other African trouble spots, it will hand al-Shabaab a major victory without firing a shot, one that would unravel all the gains made against the Islamists since 2006.

A unilateral withdrawal would gravely weaken Amisom, which is the only fighting force that has kept the TFG intact and allowed elections in September that produced a new president, political newcomer Hassan Sheik Mohamud.

He narrowly survived a suicide bombing on his third day in office.

"Take the Ugandans away and it's likely the entire fragile edifice will come crumbling down," warned African analyst Simon Allison.

Somalia's own military, poorly equipped and even more poorly led, is a loose coalition of militias more loyal to their various clans than the internationally recognized TFG.

The jihadists have also been behind attacks in neighboring Kenya since Kismayo fell.

Kenya's an Amisom stalwart but its goal in Somalia is setting up an autonomous state of "Jubaland" around Kismayo as a buffer zone between itself and the rest of Somalia.

Oil discoveries in the region could have a lot to do with that, particularly in the months ahead.

The jihadist attacks in Kenya could undermine Nairobi's commitment to Amisom, and without the Kenyans and Ugandan the TFG would be dangerously exposed.

In the latest terrorist strike, five people were killed in a grenade attack Sunday on a bus in the Somali-dominated Eastleigh neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya's capital.

The attacks in Kenya have intensified since its troops moved into Somalia in late 2011 to join the multi-pronged offensive against al-Shabaab with Ugandan and Ethiopian forces.

Sunday's attack was the fourth in three weeks. In July, masked gunmen attacked two churches in the eastern town of Garissa, killing 17 people.

Uganda's also been hit by bombings in the recent past that killed more than 70 people.


Related Links
The Long War - Doctrine and Application

Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

U.N.'s own report says it failed Sri Lanka
Columbo, Sri Lanka (UPI) Nov 14, 2012
A leaked internal U.N. document said the United Nations failed to protect civilians in the closing stages of Sri Lanka's brutal civil war. The draft of the critical internal U.N. report says "events in Sri Lanka mark a grave failure of the U.N.," the BBC, which received the leaked document, reported. It said the United Nations neglected to publicize the extent of casualties and d ... read more

Turkey says will seek NATO Patriot missiles as soon as possible

Israel's Iron Dome blocks Gaza barrage

Iron Dome intercepts two rockets over Tel Aviv: police

New Israeli anti-missile system gets ready

Iran denies supplying Fajr 5 rockets to Gaza

India steps up cruise missile production

N. Korea shipped missile parts to Syria: media

Patriot Air and Missile Defense System receives US Army stamp of approval

USAF and Raytheon evaluate avoidance capabilities for safe UAS flight

Israel destroys Gaza drone workshop: army

Iran minister confirms firing at US drone in Gulf

Iranian jets fired on US drone in Gulf: Pentagon

Lockheed Martin to Demonstrate Key Component of Tactical MilSat Communications System

The Skynet 5D secure telecom satellite is received in French Guiana for Arianespace's December Ariane 5 mission

Lockheed Martin Completes On Orbit Testing of Second AEHF Satellite

LynuxWorks LynxOS-SE Deployed by ITT Exelis in New Line of Software-Defined Radios

Britain defends shooting pigs for army medic training

Stone-tipped weapons older than thought

Australia rolls out Thales desktop system

Northrop Grumman Begins Full-Rate Production of LITENING SE Targeting Pods for USAF

China eyes S. America as defense customer

Marine general sworn in at US Southern Command

Panetta orders ethics review for US top brass

US defence chief in Thailand to boost military ties

Japan committed to peaceful solutions

Obama set to defy China over sea rows

China 2022 leadership clues already on show

Obama meets Wen after political transitions

Nanometer-scale diamond tips improve nano-manufacturing

Paper-and-scissors technique rocks the nano world

Pull with caution

What if the nanoworld slides

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement