Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
. Military Space News .

Subscribe to our free daily newsletters

Europe urges US Congress not to torpedo Iran deal
By Dave Clark, and Francesco Fontemaggi
Washington (AFP) Nov 7, 2017

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini warned Tuesday that the Iran nuclear deal can never be renegotiated, as she urged US lawmakers not to try to reopen the agreement.

Her visit coincided with that of the head of the UN nuclear watchdog, IAEA director general Yukiya Amano, who defended his agency's ability to monitor Iran's compliance with the accord.

President Donald Trump has told Congress that he can no longer "certify" that the 2015 accord is in the US national interest, leaving its fate in the hands of skeptical senators.

Mogherini, therefore, came to Washington -- while Trump and her opposite number Secretary of State Rex Tillerson were touring Asia -- to sit down with legislators on Capitol Hill.

While she insisted Brussels does not want to interfere in Washington politics, she sent a clear message that Europe opposes any new US law that would breach the terms of the deal.

Senator Bob Corker, the head of the powerful Senate foreign relations committee, and his Republican colleague and rising star Senator Tom Cotton, are working on such a bill.

While it has not been finalized -- and its supporters insist it is designed to strengthen enforcement of the Iran deal rather than to destroy it -- opponents fear it will do just that.

Speaking to reporters after talks with US lawmakers, Mogherini said she had sought and received reassurances that the bill would keep the United States "compliant with the deal."

"We are exchanging views with legislators on the need to make sure, before a bill is presented, that its contents does not represent a violation," she said.

In a fact sheet to explain the proposed law, the senators propose that US nuclear-related sanctions on Iran would snap back if Tehran violates "enhanced and existing restrictions."

- No 'sunset' clause -

These "enhancements" to restrictions would end so called "sunset" clauses that would see some curbs on Tehran's program phased out between eight and 15 years from now.

But supporters of the deal argue changing these provisions of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) signed by Iran and six world powers would itself collapse the deal.

Mogherini pushed back strongly on the idea that the 2015 deal, under which Iran submitted to nuclear controls in return for sanctions relief, would "sunset" at all.

"The JCPOA has no sunset clause," she said. "There are different arrangements within the JCPOA that have different durations... some will last forever.

"Article Three of the agreement says that Iran will never develop a nuclear weapon, for instance."

And, she added, under the "foreseen ratification" by Iran of the International Atomic Energy Agency's "additional protocol ... certain commitments will become permanent."

"Renegotiating is not an option," she said, insisting Britain, France, Germany, China and Russia will not review 12 years of complex international diplomacy because of US concerns.

Separately, IAEA chief Amano denied claims by opponents of the Iran deal that his agency is not able to monitor Iran's compliance with JCPOA and is blocked from military sites.

- 'Additional protocol' -

"I cannot discuss the details of our access, but what I can say is that we have had access to all the locations that we needed to visit and this should continue," he said.

He said the issue of access had been "exaggerated" and whether or not a site was military or civilian run was not important.

"It is not that relevant," he said. "The places that interest us are the places that have nuclear material, nuclear expertise and nuclear-related equipment."

Amano visited Iran last week and met with President Hassan Rouhani, vice president and atomic energy chief Ali Akbar Salehi and Foreign Minister Javad Zarif.

All had assured him, he said, that Iran would not be the first to pull out of the JCPOA.

   This would include Iran's eventual ratification of the IAEA   "additional 
protocol", but Amano said that inspections were already taking place under its "provisional" application.

"Some people believe that our verification activities are weak. this is not true," he said, citing the agency's modern system of remote monitoring alongside robust inspections.

And, far from being excluded from sites, IAEA inspectors are able to turn up -- in more than 90 percent of cases -- after giving the Iranians as little as two hours' notice.

Tero Varjoranta, Amano's deputy and head of the department of safeguards said: "Most of the access that we have done we have done clearly in less than 24 hours, in close to two hours."

Nevertheless, Amano remains concerned for the future if US hostility to the deal continues.

"The future of the JCPOA is uncertain, for now. The best thing is to fully implement the nuclear-related commitment, and we will do our very best to monitor and verify," he said.

Iran threat forcing Mideast-Israel alliances: Netanyahu
London (AFP) Nov 3, 2017
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Friday that the threat posed by Iran to its Middle Eastern neighbours was driving them into hitherto unthinkable alliances with the Jewish state. "Iran is devouring one nation after the other," Netanyahu said at Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs think-tank in London. "It is doing so either by direct conquest or by u ... read more

Related Links
Learn about nuclear weapons doctrine and defense at
Learn about missile defense at
All about missiles at
Learn about the Superpowers of the 21st Century at

Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once

credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly

paypal only

Comment using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Missile from Yemen intercepted near Riyadh airport

Russia conducts ballistic missile tests

Report: Japan eyeing SM-6 missiles for defense program

Lockheed Martin missile defense sensor technology receives prototyping contract

Raytheon awarded $260M contract for Tomahawk missiles

Royal Canadian Air Force to buy air-to-air missiles from U.S.

Iran says to continue developing ballistic missiles

Indonesia orders NASAMS air defense system

Niger to let US forces arm drones in counter-terrorism fight

Insitu awarded $9.2M for parts, sustainment of RQ-21A

New RoboBee flies, dives, swims and explodes out the of water

Boeing invests in autonomous flight technology company

SES GS Awarded US Government Satellite Solutions Contract

16th SPCS Defenders of critical satellite communications

First order for Elta ELK-1882T SATCOM network system

NRL clarifies valley polarization for electronic and optoelectronic technologies

BAE receives $40M from Lockheed for sensor technology

Swedish army to buy BONUS ammunition from BAE

MBDA Inc. to produce parts for Small Diameter Bomb

US court blocks Trump's military transgender ban

Lockheed, Navantia renew collaborative agreement

Philippines' Duterte receives Russian assault rifles

Whistleblower protection bill sent to President as complaints of retaliation grow

UK defence giant BAE Systems to axe almost 2,000 jobs

China's military ordered to pledge total loyalty to Xi

Trump readies for high-stakes Asia trip

The Trump A to Z, from America First to 'Zero'

Fish food and golf bromance: 5 takeaways from Trump in Japan

Researchers reveal the effect of nano-diamond on magnetorheological fluids

Researchers show how nanoscale patterning can decrease metal fatigue

Gold nanoantennas help in creation of more powerful nanoelectronics

New, simplified technique makes light metallic nanofoam

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement