by Staff Writers
Tegucigalpa, Honduras (UPI) Nov 21, 2012
Honduras is building up its naval force to deal with the escalating drug trafficking that has led to increased addiction as well as abuse of the Central American country's terrain for cross-border smuggling.
The impoverished country was rocked by a constitutional crisis in 2009 when former President Jose Manuel Zelaya was ousted in a coup orchestrated by the military on orders of the supreme court.
A presidential election in November that year put Porfirio Lobo in power but the political and security hiatus created by the crisis allowed organized crime with links across the Americas to become more entrenched in the country.
More than half of Hondurans live below poverty line and Honduras is rated to have the highest rate of intentional homicide in the world. Drug addiction has increased, as has drug trafficking and violent crime.
Responding to the drug menace Honduras' under-resourced government in October signed a 13-year lease with option to purchase six Damen Stand 4207 patrol vessels and 6 Damen 1102 Interceptor boats to bolster the navy. The Dutch-Honduran deal was co-signed and guaranteed by the Netherlands.
The contract immediately triggered controversy because of the way it was awarded to a brand-new company, Maritime International Services, formed just six months before the signing. Critics also objected that the discussion on the deal was held behind closed doors in the Honduran congress.
The $62 million contract with Maritime International Services is one of several recent moves by Lobo's administration to better equip the armed forces.
Officials said the boats would help Honduran military in the Gulf of Fonseca to patrol the Pacific waters more effectively and to prevent further expansion of drug trafficking through the country. The waterway borders El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.
"We have increased our team," Honduran Defense Minister Marlon Pascua said.
"We have had some activity also against organized crime because we have identified that there is the possibility of making an alternate route for drug trafficking in the country."
Honduran officials said a stronger naval force would also help the country deter harassment of its fishing crews by naval and police units from neighboring Nicaragua and El Salvador.
"We know that it is important to maintain a balance in the area, peace and tranquility, but above all, the coordination and understanding of the three countries is necessary to ensure that the sector of the gulf can be exploited rationally," Pascua said.
The fish stocks in the gulf's waters are already inadequate for the number of fishing crews in the area, he said.
Lobo and Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega met recently to discuss measures to promote the area as a zone of peace and sustainable environment but tensions remain.
Lobo's administration has also come under fire for not doing more to eliminate human rights violations, many allegedly by the armed forces and police.
U.S. administration officials have reacted angrily after a teenager was killed by Honduran troops trained and vetted under U.S. supervision.
Ebed Yanes, 15, was killed May 26 after driving through a military checkpoint. His father, Wilfredo Yanes, tracked down the soldiers and uncovered an alleged high-level attempt in Honduras to hide evidence.
"The incident with Ebed Yanes was a tragedy and we urge the Honduran government to assure the perpetrators are brought to justice," U.S. State Department spokesman William Ostick said in Washington.
Three Honduran soldiers have been charged in the case, one for murder. Advocacy groups say Honduras' human rights outlook remains grim.
The drug crisis complicates matters for Honduras which has been unable to persuade the U.S. government to resume U.S. aid, suspended over the country's human rights record.
Naval Warfare in the 21st Century
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