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Iran will 'do its best' to secure nuclear deal: Rouhani
by Staff Writers
Geneva (AFP) June 10, 2014

Iran, Germany to hold nuclear talks in Tehran Sunday
Tehran (AFP) June 10, 2014 - German officials will visit Tehran on Sunday for talks on Iran's nuclear drive, top Iranian negotiator and deputy foreign minister Abbas Araqchi said on Tuesday.

The meeting will follow similar discussions with American, Russian and French negotiators this week ahead of the resumption of political talks between Iran and the main P5+1 group of world powers on Monday in Vienna.

"Mr Hans Dieter Lucas, the German representative at the P5+1 talks, will travel to Tehran to attend a seminar" organised by Iran's Foreign Ministry, Araqchi was quoted as saying by the official IRNA news agency.

"We will have bilateral nuclear talks with him" on the sidelines, said Araqchi who is in Geneva leading Tehran's negotiators in meetings with US counterparts.

The flurry of bilateral talks seek to bridge differences that have so far hindered progress in negotiations over Iran's atomic programme, which Western powers suspect masks military objectives.

Tehran has long insisted that its nuclear activities are entirely peaceful.

Representatives from Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council -- Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States -- plus Germany are seeking a comprehensive accord with Iran.

Next week's talks in Vienna come one month ahead of a July 20 deadline for a final settlement, following an interim agreement struck in November last year.

A comprehensive agreement would purportedly curb Iran's atomic activities in exchange for a lifting of economic sanctions imposed on Iran in recent years by the United States and the European Union.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said Tuesday his country would "do its best" to secure a nuclear deal as crunch talks between Tehran and Washington on the long-running dispute dragged out.

Senior negotiators from both camps met behind closed doors for a second day of talks at Geneva's upscale Hotel President Wilson, which was sealed off to the media.

Iran's chief negotiator, Abbas Araqchi, was quoted by the ISNA news agency saying after Tuesday's session that the talks were "fruitful" but that "divergences remain and the consultations are going to continue".

He described the discussions as "intense and difficult, but they are taking place in a positive atmosphere".

The talks is part of a fresh diplomatic drive in the face of a looming July 20 deadline for a final deal between Iran and the P5+1 group of world powers.

"Iran will do its best for a final deal with the P5+1," said Rouhani, a former nuclear negotiator, speaking in Turkey.

The self-declared moderate was elected president last year, succeeding hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and has launched a drive to lift the West's sanctions on his country.

"Iran is ready to sit at the negotiating table for a solution" to both the nuclear dispute and "unfair sanctions," he said.

- 'Tough choices' -

Washington warned of "tough choices" as fellow P5+1 members try to build momentum in the crunch negotiations.

The US-Iran meeting began Monday with a five-hour session. It was the first time since the 1979 Islamic Revolution that American and Iranian negotiators have held such direct, official nuclear talks.

The two sides have met informally, notably in a secret session last year in Oman which helped coax Tehran back to the negotiating table.

They have also sat down together within the P5+1 process.

The P5+1 comprises the five permanent UN Security Council members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany.

They secured an interim deal with Iran in November after marathon talks in Geneva.

The deadline for a final accord was July 20, but several players including Iran have already said a six-month extension may be needed.

Washington and the other P5+1 states are seeking solid commitments that will ensure Iran's stated desire for a peaceful atomic energy programme is not a covert attempt to build a nuclear bomb.

For Iran, the goal is to make a leap towards ending the international sanctions, notably those imposed by the United States, that have battered its economy.

On Wednesday, Iranian negotiators are set to meet in Geneva with their French counterparts, before heading to Rome for talks with Russian officials, then hold a session in Tehran with Germany on Sunday.

"Bilateral discussions offer a much more effective platform for conducting real bargaining than the cumbersome committee-type discussions in the P5+1 framework," said Ali Vaez, senior Iran analyst at the International Crisis Group.

"The two major sticking points are Iran's future enrichment capacity and sanctions relief," he said.

The goal of the bilateral talks is to prepare a June 16-20 meeting between Iran and the P5+1 in Vienna, where they aim to set down details of the final deal.

The last round in Vienna in May yielded little.

- 'Fate of the world' at hand -

The stakes are high, amid warnings by US hawks against being hoodwinked by Rouhani's new approach.

That message was echoed by Yuval Steinitz, the minister of strategic affairs in Israel, Iran's archfoe and the sole if undeclared nuclear-armed state in the Middle East.

"Any international agreement that leaves Iran on the threshold of nuclear capability is worse than no agreement at all," he said Monday at the annual Herzliya Conference on Israeli security policy.

"What is now at hand is not just the fate of Israel in the Middle East but the fate of the world."

Brigadier General Itai Brun, who heads the Israeli military's research division, said Iran now appeared to be talking "in earnest" about a final deal thanks to international pressure, adding that he expected an accord this year.

Iran's negotiators, meanwhile, must answer to domestic hardliners who say the country's red lines are unbreakable.

Former nuclear negotiator turned speaker of parliament, the tough-talking Ali Larijani, said Tuesday it was crucial to protect "the rights of Iranians" as well as the "scientific achievements of the peaceful activities" of the Islamic republic's researchers.

After Monday's first day of talks, Washington said more effort was needed.

"We think we've made progress during some rounds, but as we said coming out of the last one, we hadn't seen enough made. We hadn't seen enough realism, quite frankly, on the table," said deputy State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf.


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Tehran says Geneva nuclear talks with US 'constructive'
Geneva (AFP) June 09, 2014
Senior Iranian and US officials held what Tehran's top negotiator dubbed "constructive" talks on Monday, as Washington warned tough choices were needed for a lasting accord on Tehran's controversial nuclear programme by a July 20 deadline. The closed-door meeting in Geneva, due to last two days, marks a new effort to find common ground between Tehran and Washington, amid concerns that tensio ... read more

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