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Iranian Lawmakers Feared Social Upheaval From Sanctions

Iran - facing threats from without and within. Photo courtesy AFP.

Iran vows not to bow to UN resolutions
Tehran (AFP) Jan 21 - Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Sunday insisted that Tehran will go on with its controversial nuclear programme and will not cave in to more UN resolutions. "Even if they adopt 10 other resolutions it will not have any effect," Ahamdinejad told lawmakers as he introduced the budget for the next Iranian year starting March 21.

The Security Council passed Resolution 1737 on December 23 imposing sanctions on Iran for its refusal to suspend uranium enrichment -- the process which can make nuclear fuel as well as the fissile core of an atom bomb in highly purified forms. "As our supreme leader (Ayatollah Ali Khamenei) said, no Iranian official has the right to back down on Iran's nuclear right," he added. On January 8, Khamenei emphatically rejected the UN resolution, vowing that the Islamic republic would not back down in its nuclear drive.

Iran, OPEC's second largest oil exporter, insists its nuclear programme is solely aimed at meeting peaceful energy needs. However, the West fears that it could diverted towards building a bomb. On Saturday, Iran's top nuclear negotiator Larijani said the nation's armed forces were ready to face any threat to its nuclear installations, amid speculation Washington may be planning a military strike.

by Staff Writers
PARIS, Jan 20 (AFP) Jan 20, 2007
An Iranian parliamentary report several months ago warned the powers in Tehran that heavy international sanctions could trigger internal instability and a social upheaval, the French daily Le Monde reported. The newspaper said it learnt the text of the document, which was produced by the Iranian parliament's Foreign Affairs and Defence Commission, "from Middle Eastern sources".

Stretching to more than 100 pages and published at the beginning of September, the report was the result of six months of work by economic and oil experts, Le Monde said in its edition dated Sunday-Monday.

The report, which reached President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, said Iran should "make all political efforts to prevent the imposition of sanctions, while preserving the interests of the country and national honour".

If Iran faced heavy sanctions it "would be forced to modify its national priorities and devote most of its resources to prevent a major social upheaval, which could lead to a deterioration in the quality of life for a large section of the population."

According to the text, "the members of the regime who had been heard by the commission indicated that any worsening of the economic situation could cause social troubles that could lead to a deterioration and a weakening of internal stability."

The report's authors feared the effects of a combined trade embargo on oil heading into and out of Iran.

The report was published -- but hardly circulated at all according to Le Monde -- nearly three months before the adoption by the UN Security Council of a resolution sanctioning Iran's nuclear and ballistic weapons programmes because of the enrichment of uranium.

The UN sanctions called for a suspension of all exports of materials and technologies linked to those activities as well as a freeze of assets and restrictions on foreign travel by people tied to the programmes.

The day after the vote, which took place on December 23, Tehran defied the United Nations, saying it was going to start work on installing 3,000 centrifuges to enrich uranium, which can be used for nuclear energy fuel but also to develop atomic weapons.

Washington wanted tougher sanctions against Iran but backed down in the face of opposition from China and Russia.

Iran insists that its nuclear drive is peaceful and solely aimed at generating energy for a growing population.

Source: Agence France-Presse

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US Envoy Says He Hopes North Korea Talks Resume Very Soon
Beijing (AFP) Jan 21, 2007
US envoy Christopher Hill said Sunday he hoped six-party talks on ending North Korea's nuclear weapons program would resume "very soon" as he arrived here for consultations with his Chinese counterpart. Hill was to meet Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Wu Dawei at the end of a regional tour to brief his Asian negotiating partners on his rare one-on-one talks with North Korea's Kim Kye-Gwan in Berlin last week.

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