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Iraq forces retake IS bastion Hawija
By Ahmad al-Rubaye with Sarah Benhaida in Baghdad
Hawija, Iraq (AFP) Oct 5, 2017

The Islamic State group in Iraq: key dates
Baghdad (AFP) Oct 5, 2017 - Iraqi forces on Thursday seized the northern town of Hawija, driving the Islamic State group from one of its last two pockets of territory in the country.

Here are some key dates in the history of IS in Iraq:

- Jihadist breakthrough -

January 4, 2014: Iraq loses its first key town since the US-led invasion of 2003, as fighters from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and allies capture Fallujah and parts of Ramadi, west of Baghdad.

The vast Anbar province that surrounds the two towns is predominantly Sunni Arab and fiercely resisted US troops when they occupied Iraq.

- Mosul captured -

June 10, 2014: ISIL launches a lightning offensive in northwestern Iraq, seizing second city Mosul and Sunni Arab areas bordering the autonomous Kurdistan region. Tens of thousands of Christians and Yazidis flee.

- 'Caliphate' proclaimed -

June 29, 2014: ISIL declares a "caliphate" in territories it holds in Iraq and Syria, rebranding itself the Islamic State and declaring its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi "caliph".

- US-led coalition -

August 8, 2014: US warplanes strike IS positions in northern Iraq in response to an appeal from the Iraqi government.

September 23: The United States and Arab allies launch air strikes on IS in Syria after an international coalition is formed to defeat the group.

- Early IS losses in Iraq -

March 31, 2015: Iraq announces the "liberation" of Tikrit, 160 kilometres (100 miles) north of Baghdad, after nearly 10 months under IS rule.

February 9, 2016: Anbar provincial capital Ramadi is recaptured from the jihadists.

June 26: Iraqi forces retake Fallujah after two and a half years outside government control.

- The battle for Mosul -

October 17, 2016: Around 30,000 Iraqi soldiers, police and special forces members, backed by US-led air support, launch a vast operation to retake Mosul.

Three months, later they retake the city's east and turn their attention to the west.

July 9: Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declares victory in Mosul, capping nine months of fighting.

- The battle for Tal Afar -

August 20, 2017: Iraq announces the start of an assault on Tal Afar, 70 kilometres (40 miles) west of Mosul.

August 31: Abadi's office says Tal Afar and the surrounding area are fully retaken, declaring that "the province of Nineveh is now entirely in the hands of our forces".

The battle lasted 12 days and Tal Afar's recapture deprived IS of what was once a key supply hub between its territory in Iraq and Syria.

- The battle for Hawija -

September 1: Iraq announces plans to retake IS's last two enclaves in the country, a pocket around the insurgent bastion of Hawija and a stretch of the Euphrates Valley near the border with Syria.

September 19: Iraqi forces launch a drive up the Euphrates towards the IS-held town of Anna, Rawa and Al-Qaim.

September 21: Iraqi forces and paramilitary units launch a dawn assault on the besieged IS-held pocket around Hawija.

October 5: Abadi says his forces have retaken the whole Hawija enclave. "All that remains is the strip on the border with Syria," he tells a news conference in Paris.

Iraqi forces retook one of the Islamic State group's last two enclaves in the country on Thursday, overrunning the longtime insurgent bastion of Hawija after a two-week offensive.

IS once held one-third of Iraqi territory but it has suffered loss after loss this year and now only controls a slither of land in the Euphrates Valley near the Syrian border.

"I announce the liberation of the city of Hawija," Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi told a news conference in Paris. "All that remains is the strip on the border with Syria."

Iraqi forces celebrated after entering the town, posing with upside down IS flags and flashing V-for-victory signs after riding in on tanks and armoured personnel carriers, an AFP photographer reported.

"Today we are in Hawija and thank God it is completely liberated," said Zamer Jabbar, a member of the Shiite-dominated Hashed al-Shaabi paramilitary units fighting against IS alongside government forces.

Hawijah, 230 kilometres (140 miles) north of Baghdad, was at the centre of a pocket of mainly Sunni Arab towns that were among the final holdouts from territory seized by the jihadists in 2014.

The town had been an insurgent bastion since soon after the US-led invasion of 2003, earning it the nickname of "Kandahar in Iraq" for the ferocious resistance it put up similar to that in the Taliban militia's citadel in Afghanistan.

The area's mainly Sunni Arab population is deeply hostile both to the Shiite-led government in Baghdad and to the Kurds who form the historic majority in adjacent areas.

Government forces bypassed it in their advance north to second city Mosul last year, which culminated in the jihadists' defeat in the emblematic bastion in July.

- 'Victory for whole world' -

Hawija lies between the two main routes north from Baghdad -- to Mosul and to the city of Kirkuk and the autonomous Kurdish region -- and its recapture is both a symbolic and a strategic victory for the government.

"This a victory not only for Iraqis but also for the whole world," Abadi said, as he announced the town's recapture after talks in Paris with French President Emmanuel Macron.

France is part of a US-led coalition that has been backing the campaign against IS.

There was no immediate word on the fate of civilians in Hawija.

The United Nations said this week that an estimated 12,500 people had fled since the launch of the offensive to retake the town and surrounding areas last month.

The UN's humanitarian affairs office said the number of people still in the town was unknown but could be as high as 78,000.

It said humanitarian agencies had set up checkpoints, camps and emergency sites capable of receiving more than 70,000 people who could flee.

The Norwegian Refugee Council said many of those arriving in the camps had little more than the clothes on their backs.

"In addition to the terror they have experienced during years under the control of the IS group, many of the families who are arriving are malnourished," said its acting area manager, Silvia Beccacece.

- Dwindling 'caliphate' -

The US-led coalition congratulated the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) for the "swift and decisive victory" against IS in Hawija after a "hard fought" battle.

"The government of Iraq and the ISF, with the support of the global coalition, have liberated more than four million Iraqis and reclaimed over 41,500 square kilometres (16,000 sq miles) of land once held by ISIS," it said in a statement.

It warned, however, that "an ISIS presence remains in Iraq, and the Coalition will continue to stand side-by-side with the ISF in their collective mission to defeat ISIS".

IS, also known as ISIS or ISIL, seized swathes of territory in Iraq and Syria during a lightning offensive in the summer of 2014 that was followed by its declaration of a cross-border "caliphate".

Last week, it was ousted from Anna, one of three towns it still held in the Euphrates Valley, and Iraqi forces are preparing to advance upstream towards the other two, Rawa and Al-Qaim.

Provincial civil defence chief General Fawzi Yassin said it had taken until Thursday to clear nearly 1,000 mines and booby-traps that the jihadists had planted in and around Anna.

Town council chief Abdel Karim al-Ani told AFP: "This clearance operation is going to allow the displaced to return to their homes."

The battle to retake Hawija has been overshadowed in recent weeks by Baghdad's dispute with Iraqi Kurdistan over the oil-rich autonomous region holding a non-binding referendum on independence.

Regional tensions have also soared since 92.7 percent of Iraqi Kurds voted for independence on September 25, and Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Thursday warned Turkey would "soon" close its border crossing with Iraqi Kurdistan and airspace.

The US-led coalition is also backing an Arab-Kurdish alliance, the Syrian Democratic Forces, that is battling to oust IS from its de facto Syrian capital Raqa.

The SDF has captured about 90 percent of Raqa and is fighting fierce battles with remaining IS jihadists.

IS's other main stronghold in Syria is the eastern province of Deir Ezzor, which borders IS-held territory in Iraq.

Two separate offensives are under way against the jihadists in Deir Ezzor -- one by the SDF, the other by government forces supported by Russia.

Iraq forces claim recapture of IS-held areas near Hawija
Baghdad (AFP) Oct 2, 2017
Iraqi forces on Monday seized a strategic jihadist-held area southeast of the Islamic State group's bastion of Hawija, a senior commander said. Government forces and the Hashed al-Shaabi, an alliance mostly of Shiite militias, are fighting to retake the northern town of Hawija after expelling IS from large parts of the territory they seized in Iraq in 2014. "The Counter-Terrorism Service ... read more

Related Links
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