Free Newsletters - Space News - Defense Alert - Environment Report - Energy Monitor
. Military Space News .




IRAQ WARS
Iraq wants rehabilitated Iran 'terror group' out
by Staff Writers
Baghdad (AFP) Feb 19, 2013


An Iranian exile group attacked in Iraq this month has moved from terrorism lists to international good graces, but Baghdad wants it out over its opposition to Iran's rulers and ties to Saddam Hussein.

On February 9, mortar rounds and rockets slammed into Camp Liberty, a former US military base near Baghdad that now houses some 3,000 members of the People's Mujahedeen Organisation of Iran (PMOI), killing five people, according to Iraqi security officials.

The attack triggered condemnation from the United States and United Nations, but in Iraq officials are eager to see the group depart.

The PMOI's "presence in Iraq is illegal and illegitimate," Ali Mussawi, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki's spokesman, told AFP. "Their presence is rejected."

Iraqi political analyst Ihsan al-Shammari said the "nature of the relationship between the (Iraqi) Shiite political powers and Iran," Baghdad's Shiite neighbour to the east with which it has close ties, is a key factor in Iraq's insistence on the PMOI's ouster.

Shammari also noted other factors including the PMOI's links to executed dictator Saddam, under whose rule Iraq's now-empowered Shiite majority was oppressed.

Saddam allowed the PMOI to establish a base called Camp Ashraf northeast of Baghdad after he launched the 1980-88 war with Iran, in which the group fought alongside his forces.

According to the US State Department, Saddam armed the group with "heavy military equipment and deployed thousands of (PMOI) fighters in suicidal, mass wave attacks against Iranian forces" near the end of the war.

Following the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq, the PMOI turned over "2,000 tanks, armoured personnel carriers, and heavy artillery," the State Department said.

The group was also allegedly involved in Saddam's violent suppression of 1991 Shiite and Kurdish uprisings in Iraq.

"The former regime used (the PMOI) to carry out repression" in Iraq, said Dr Adnan al-Saraj, who has written books about the group.

Saddam gave the PMOI four bases in Iraq, buildings in central Baghdad and other perks including Iraqi passports and free petrol, Saraj said.

Almost all PMOI members in Iraq have moved to Camp Liberty from Camp Ashraf, the last of their bases, as part of a UN-backed process that aims to see them resettled outside the country.

But after this month's attack, the PMOI complained about the slow pace of the process, which has dragged on as few countries have come forward with concrete offers of resettlement.

The PMOI has not taken the move from Camp Ashraf, where some members have lived for decades, quietly, alleging Baghdad is acting at Tehran's behest.

It has also criticised the UN's assertion that the camp meets minimum humanitarian standards and complained about a variety of alleged shortcomings including restrictions on using forklift trucks, which it said amounted to "torture".

While not accepted in Iraq, the PMOI has made strides internationally.

The group, which was founded in the 1960s to oppose the shah of Iran but took up arms against the country's new clerical rulers after the 1979 Islamic revolution, successfully campaigned for its removal from US and EU terrorism lists.

The PMOI said it renounced violence in 2001 after carrying out attacks in Iran and elsewhere for decades. It now issues deluges of statements to the media and has enlisted well-known western politicians and officials as advocates.

The language of the official US condemnation of the attack on Camp Liberty also indicates the progress made by the PMOI, which was listed as a "terrorist organisation" by Washington until last year and by the EU until 2009.

The US State Department condemned it as a "terrorist attack," and also referred to the attack as a "tragedy".

Although the PMOI has gained international acceptance, Karim Sadjadpour, an Iran expert and senior associate with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said the same is not true within Iran.

"They're widely viewed as a backward and intolerant cult by their opposition peers in Iran," Sadjadpour said.

.


Related Links
Iraq: The first technology war of the 21st century






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





IRAQ WARS
Tensions in Iraq are 'troubling': US general
Washington (AFP) Feb 14, 2013
Sectarian tensions and political discord in Iraq signal a "troubling" trend in the country since US troops withdrew a year ago, a top American general warned on Thursday. Iraq has remained stable but "fragile," said General Lloyd Austin, who was the last US commander in Iraq before all his forces withdrew in December 2011. Austin offered his assessment when pressed by Republican Senator ... read more


IRAQ WARS
SM-3 takes out medium-range ballistic missile target

Aegis Intercepts Target Using Satellite Assist

Space-Based Sensors A Ballistic Missile's Worst Nightmare

S. Korea to step up missile defence after North test

IRAQ WARS
Javelin Demonstrates Extended Range Capability in Recent Tests

Israel deploys 3rd missile system to north: reports

Lockheed Martin Receives US Army Contract for Guided MLRS Rocket Production

India wheels out new long-range missile in annual parade

IRAQ WARS
Raytheon Integrates Miniature Air Launched Decoy With UAV Platform

Boeing Phantom Eye Completes Taxi Tests, Readies for Return to Flight

US drones kill nine in Pakistan: officials

Iran TV airs video of captured US drone

IRAQ WARS
Astrium tapped for communications network

XTAR To Expand Beyond NATO As African And Asian Hot Spots Flare

How the DoD Can More Efficiently Acquire Satellite Systems and Capacity

TACLANE-1G Encryptor Certified by NSA

IRAQ WARS
Bolstering the Front Line of Biological Warfare Response

Raytheon/Thales team wins contract for helicopter helmet mounted displays

Israel sends Turks EW systems despite rift

Military experts doubt Sweden's ability to defend itself

IRAQ WARS
Finmeccanica's India troubles poorly timed

Russia: UAE seeking more weapons

Europe's armsmakers scramble for Libya

Crisis-hit arms market shrinks, first time since 1994: SIPRI

IRAQ WARS
Japan to send envoy to China for island row talks: report

Pakistan port integral to China maritime expansion

Walker's World: A declining West?

Republicans snub White House, delay Hagel vote

IRAQ WARS
Team Creates MRI for the Nanoscale

Artificial atoms allow for magnetic resonance on individual cells

Giving transplanted cells a nanotech checkup

Boston College researchers' unique nanostructure produces novel 'plasmonic halos'




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement