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New wave of Iraq violence kills 70
by Staff Writers
Baghdad (AFP) June 10, 2013

Victims of Halabja gas attack take legal action in France
Paris (AFP) June 10, 2013 - Twenty victims of a deadly 1988 gas attack on Iraq's Kurdish town of Halabja filed a complaint in Paris Monday in a bid to shine the light on firms that helped Saddam Hussein's regime build a chemical arsenal.

Four of the victims made the trip, two of whom suffer from severe respiratory problems since the bombing which killed some 5,000 Kurds, in what is thought to have been the worst ever gas attack targeting civilians.

Their lawyers say they went through more than 100,000 documents detailing the different stages of Iraq's creation of a chemical weapons arsenal between 1983 and 1988 under Saddam Hussein's regime.

According to those documents, at least 20 firms involved in the project -- including two French companies -- "knew exactly what they were doing," said Gavriel Mairone, one of the lawyers.

But both him and David Pere, the other lawyer, refused to name the firms.

The legal complaint only revolves around 20 victims of the attack, which killed mostly women and children, but Pere says he represents 721 survivors of the tragedy who lost thousands of loved ones.

"What we want is for these firms to recognise what they did," said Mairone, who pointed out the victims were also planning on taking legal action in other countries such as Germany and the Netherlands.

The poison gas attack happened as Iraq's eight-year war with Iran was drawing to a close. With Tehran's backing, Kurdish rebels took over the farming community of Halabja near the border with the Islamic republic.

The Iraqi army bombed the area, forcing the rebels to retreat into the surrounding hills, leaving their families behind.

Iraqi jets then swooped over the small town and for five hours sprayed it with nerve agents.

Ali Hassan al-Majid, better known by his macabre nickname "Chemical Ali," ordered the gas attack.

He received multiple death sentences following the fall of Saddam Hussein's regime, including one for the Halabja tragedy, and was hanged in January 2010.

The complaint comes after a Dutch businessman who sold Iraq chemicals used in the attack was ordered to pay 400,000 euros ($529,000) in compensation to some of the victims in April.

A wave of violence, mostly in Sunni areas of Iraq, killed at least 70 people on Monday, shattering hopes that tensions had been eased by a recent series of symbolic political gestures.

The attacks, which left more than 230 people wounded, are the latest in a surge in bloodshed that, coupled with a long-running political paralysis, has stoked fears of a revival of the all-out sectarian war that blighted Iraq in 2006 and 2007.

No group immediately claimed responsibility for the bloodshed, but Sunni militants linked to Al-Qaeda have in the past set off coordinated nationwide bombings in a bid to undermine confidence in the security forces and the Shiite-led authorities.

They have also targeted fellow Sunnis, ostensibly in a bid to provoke retributive violence against Shiite Muslims, whom Al-Qaeda's front group regard as apostates.

Monday's deadliest violence struck the mostly-Sunni Arab city of Mosul, with a series of five car bombings mostly targeting security forces leaving at least 29 dead and 80 others wounded, officials said.

"We have received many corpses," said Anwar al-Juburi, a doctor at Mosul General Hospital.

"Most of them were members of the security forces."

Authorities declared a curfew in the northern city in the aftermath of the violence.

Attacks near Saddam Hussein's birthplace of Owja, the town of Dour and in Taji -- all predominantly Sunni areas -- meanwhile left a further 13 people dead.

Ten more people were killed in violence in the northern province of Kirkuk and the nearby towns of Tuz Khurmatu and Suleiman Bek.

The towns, which are mixed between Sunni Arab, Kurdish and Turkmen populations, are seen as a tinderbox because they are part of a swathe of territory claimed by the central government and the autonomous Kurdish region.

Blasts in the mixed town of Madain and a mostly Shiite neighbourhood of Baghdad killed five more people.

Earlier on Monday, two car bombs and a suicide attack -- all of which went off almost simultaneously -- in a wholesale fruit and vegetable market in the town of Judaida al-Shat in restive Diyala province killed 13 people.

"Al-Qaeda is behind this terrorist attack," Mohammed al-Zaidi, a vegetable vendor wounded in the bombing in the mostly-Shiite town told AFP, adding the extremist group was trying to "sow religious hatred in our region, as we live peacefully with the Sunnis."

The unrest comes amid a surge in attacks in Iraq, with violence in May pushing the month's death toll to its highest level since 2008, raising concerns of a revival of the all-out sectarian war that blighted the country in 2006 and 2007, when tens of thousands were killed.

There has been a heightened level of attacks since the beginning of the year, coinciding with rising discontent among the Sunni Arab minority that erupted into protests in late December.

The UN envoy to Iraq Martin Kobler has warned the violence is "ready to explode".

In a bid to ease tensions, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has in recent days met with two of his arch rivals -- the Sunni speaker of parliament and the president of the autonomous Kurdish region.

While the country's top politicians have pledged to address persistent political disputes, no tangible moves have yet been announced.

Authorities have trumpeted limited efforts to placate demonstrators' demands, but analysts say a failure to address underlying grievances has fuelled months of protests among Iraq's Sunni community and given militant groups fuel and room to manoeuvre.

And little in the way of landmark legislation has been passed since 2010 parliamentary elections, with diplomats and officials voicing worry the deadlock is likely to persist until fresh polls due next year.


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Iraq: The first technology war of the 21st century

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