Washington (AFP) May 29, 2009
US President Barack Obama Thursday renewed pressure on Israel but rejected a timetable for his peace drive, noting domestic pressures heaped on Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
As Obama met Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas for the first time as president, he called for a halt to settlement building on the occupied West Bank, while his administration sparred with Israel over the sensitive issue.
Obama vowed an "aggressive" mediation effort, ahead of his visit to Saudi Arabia and Egypt next week, while Abbas pledged to live up to all previous peace agreements and warned "time is of the essence" for a two-state solution.
Abbas presented the US president with a document outlining ideas about how to take the peace process forward.
"The document does not veer from the (US-backed) roadmap and the Arab peace initiative," Abbas told AFP. "It contains ideas to introduce implementation mechanisms for these two plans."
A top Abbas aide said Obama had promised to study the text.
The US president recalled that last week he had been "very clear" with Netanyahu about the need to "stop settlements."
Asked by a reporter if he would strong-arm Israel if it did not back down in its refusal to support a Palestinian state, he said: "I think it's important not to assume the worst, but to assume the best."
Obama, who rejected an opportunity to set a date for the establishment of a "viable, potential" Palestinian state, added: "I don't want to put an artificial timetable.
"I am confident that we can move this forward if all parties are ready to meet their obligations."
On Wednesday, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton had significantly hardened the US position on settlements, prompting a blunt dismissal from Israel.
But Obama appeared to give Netanyahu some leeway, noting the fierce pressures imposed on the Israeli leader by his hawkish right-wing coalition.
"I think that we don't have a moment to lose, but I also don't make decisions based on just a conversation that we had last week.
"Because obviously Prime Minister Netanyahu has to work through these issues in his own government, in his own coalition," said Obama.
The US president also called on Abbas to offer security improvements to Israel and to quell anti-Israel incitement in Palestinian mosques and schools, and took note of challenges Abbas faces with the West Bank ruled by his Palestinian Authority and the Gaza Strip run by Hamas.
"I very much appreciate that President Abbas has been under enormous pressure to bring about some sort of unity government and to negotiate with Hamas," Obama said.
Abbas added that he had shared ideas with Obama based on the roadmap and the 2002 Saudi peace plan backed by the Arab league.
The US-backed roadmap calls for a halt to Jewish settlement activity in Palestinian territories and an end to Palestinian attacks against Israel but has made little progress since it was drafted in 2003.
Clinton had on Wednesday said Obama "wants to see a stop to settlements. Not some settlements, not outposts, not natural growth exceptions."
But Israel on Thursday dismissed the blunt US call.
"Normal life" will be allowed in settlements in the occupied West Bank, government spokesman Mark Regev said, using a euphemism for continuing construction to accommodate population growth.
He added that the fate of settlements "will be determined in final status negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians and in the interim, normal life must be allowed to continue in those communities."
The Palestinian Authority has ruled out restarting peace talks with Israel unless it removes all roadblocks and freezes settlement activity.
Netanyahu told Obama last week at their first White House meeting that he was willing to "immediately" relaunch the peace talks but failed to publicly back the creation of a Palestinian state or to freeze settlement activity.
The Abbas meeting represented Obama's latest attempt to revive the stalled Middle East peace process.
Next week, Obama will deliver a long-awaited address to the Muslim world in Cairo, but he said he would not lay out his long-awaited peace plan in the speech, which he said was designed to lay out a path for a "better" US relationship with the Islamic world.
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Obama pressures Israel on settlements
Washington (AFP) May 28, 2009
US President Barack Obama called on Israel to halt settlement building in the occupied West Bank Thursday, but said he was confident he could revive Middle East peace talks, after meeting Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas. Abbas meanwhile warned that time was "of the essence" in restarting regional peace moves, and vowed that Palestinians would live up to all their obligations on the ... read more
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