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NUKEWARS
US calls for isolation of NKorea after missile test
By Carole LANDRY, With Park Chan-Kyong in Seoul
United Nations, United States (AFP) Nov 29, 2017


UN sanctions against N.Korea must be tightened: France
United Nations, United States (AFP) Nov 29 - The UN Security Council should tighten sanctions against North Korea in response to the latest launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), France's ambassador said Wednesday.

The council will hold an emergency meeting later Wednesday to discuss a response and could decide to begin negotiations on a new draft sanctions resolution.

The United States has called for additional UN measures to pressure Pyongyang to halt its missile and nuclear programs, which are in violation of UN resolutions.

French Ambassador Francois Delattre told reporters that there should be "full implementation" of current measures "but also tightening of the sanctions," which would require a new resolution.

Over the past year, the council has adopted three rounds of sanctions aimed at choking off revenue to Pyongyang's military programs.

These include a ban on North Korean exports of coal, iron, lead, textiles and seafood, trade restrictions and the blacklisting of a number of North Korean entities and officials.

The council has also banned the hiring of North Korean guest workers and capped oil exports, in particular from China, Pyongyang's main trading partner.

"There is still room for new measures," Italian Ambassador Sebastiano Cardi, who holds the council presidency, told reporters on Tuesday. "We will see."

Under UN resolutions, North Korea is barred from developing missiles and a nuclear weapons capability but Pyongyang argues that the arsenal is needed for self-defense against the "hostile" United States.

On Wednesday, US President Donald Trump said on Twitter after speaking with Chinese President Xi Jinping that "additional major sanctions will be imposed on North Korea today."

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson explained in Washington that the sanctions would be announced by the US Treasury and would target "additional financial institutions."

Previous sanctions resolutions targeting North Korea have been unanimously adopted by the council following weeks of negotiations between the United States and China.

The last resolution, however, was adopted on September 11 after just one week of negotiations.

The United States and its allies insist that tough sanctions are needed to force Pyongyang to come to the negotiating table to discuss an end to its military drive.

Japanese Ambassador Koro Bessho said "the international community has to keep the pressure up so that North Koreans will understand that they need to change their course."

US makes push for China to cut off oil to N. Korea
United Nations, United States (AFP) Nov 29 - The United States on Wednesday urged China to cut off crude oil shipments to North Korea and pressed all countries to isolate Kim Jong-Un's regime by cutting off all diplomatic and trade ties.

US Ambassador Nikki Haley told an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council that North Korea's latest test of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) "demands that countries further isolate the Kim regime."

During a phone conversation earlier in the day, US President Donald Trump asked President Xi Jinping to cut off China's crude oil supplies to North Korea, a move that would deal a crippling blow to North Korea's economy.

Trump told the Chinese leader "that we have come to the point that China must cut off the oil from North Korea," Haley said.

"That would be a pivotal step in the world's effort to stop this international pariah," she said.

Haley also called "on all nations to cut off all ties with North Korea" and said the Security Council should take away North Korea's voting rights at the United Nations.

The United States on Wednesday called on the international community to cut all diplomatic and trade ties with North Korea -- including Chinese oil shipments to Pyongyang after a groundbreaking missile test by the pariah regime.

Washington urged tough action as emergency talks on the North's latest provocation opened in the UN Security Council -- and after US President Donald Trump derided Kim Jong-Un as a "sick puppy" and threatened "major" new sanctions.

Pyongyang on Wednesday tested its third intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) -- which it claimed was capable of striking anywhere in the United States -- snapping a two-month pause in missile launches.

North Korean leader Kim said the test of the Hwasong-15 weapons system had helped his country achieve the goal of becoming a full nuclear power, as the international community expressed outrage.

"We call on all nations to cut off all ties with North Korea," Washington's ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, told her fellow envoys.

Haley said Trump had called Chinese President Xi Jinping and urged him to "cut off the oil from North Korea.

"That would be a pivotal step in the world's effort to stop this international pariah," she said, issuing a stern warning to Kim.

"If war comes, make no mistake: The North Korean regime will be utterly destroyed," she said.

- 'The situation will be handled' -

The UN Security Council was meeting at the request of the United States, Japan and South Korea to consider next steps after three rounds of sanctions adopted in the past year failed to push North Korea to change course.

France's UN Ambassador Francois Delattre said the council should respond with a "tightening of the sanctions" -- a move that would likely entail the adoption of a new sanctions resolution.

Japanese Ambassador Koro Bessho said "the international community has to keep the pressure up."

Earlier, Trump -- who had traded barbs with Kim for months -- had asked Xi to use "all available levers" to press the hermit state.

"Additional major sanctions will be imposed on North Korea today. This situation will be handled!" Trump said on Twitter.

So far Wednesday, no new announcements were forthcoming.

Last week, Trump announced new US unilateral sanctions on Pyongyang and returned it to a US list of state sponsors of terror.

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has called for "additional measures" to toughen up international sanctions, including allowing countries to intercept vessels carrying goods to and from North Korea.

There are concerns in Seoul that Trump might be considering military action against the North that could trigger a full-scale war.

Seoul is home to 10 million people and only about 50 kilometers (30 miles) from the border -- well within range of Pyongyang's artillery.

- Historic cause -

North Korean state media said the missile launched Wednesday was more sophisticated than any previously tested by Pyongyang.

"The ICBM Hwasong-15 type weaponry system is an intercontinental ballistic rocket tipped with super-large heavy warhead which is capable of striking the whole mainland of the US," the North's official news agency KCNA said.

State television brought out Ri Chun-Hee, a star presenter who only appears for significant developments, to announce the landmark.

"Kim Jong-Un declared with pride that now we have finally realized the great historic cause of completing the state nuclear force, the cause of building a rocket power," she said.

Pyongyang said the missile reached an altitude of 4,475 kilometers and splashed down 950 kilometers from its launch site.

At least one Western expert said the missile's lofted trajectory suggested an actual range of 13,000 kilometers -- enough to hit every major US city.

David Wright, an arms control expert and co-director at the Union of Concerned Scientists, said the flight parameters of Wednesday's test pointed to a missile with "more than enough range to reach Washington DC, and in fact any part of the continental United States."

While Pyongyang has yet to prove its mastery of the re-entry technology required to bring a warhead back through the Earth's atmosphere, experts believe it is at least on the threshold of developing a working intercontinental nuclear strike capability.

In September, Pyongyang conducted its sixth and most powerful nuclear test and then fired an intermediate-range missile over Japan.

- Raft of past sanctions -

Over the past year, the UN Security Council has imposed biting sanctions on Pyongyang aimed at choking off revenue to its military programs.

These include a ban on North Korean exports of coal, iron, lead, textiles and seafood, trade restrictions and the blacklisting of a number of North Korean entities and officials.

The council has also banned the hiring of North Korean guest workers and capped oil exports, in particular from China, Pyongyang's main trading partner.

Russia called the launch "provocative" and Beijing expressed "grave concern and opposition."

China once again pressed its proposal that the North stop missile and nuclear tests in exchange for a freeze of US military exercises -- a proposal Washington has repeatedly rejected.

Canada said it would host a meeting of foreign ministers to discuss the North Korean threat.

burs/cml-sst/acb

NUKEWARS
China voices 'grave concern' over N. Korea missile test, urges talks
Beijing (AFP) Nov 29, 2017
China on Wednesday voiced "grave concern" over North Korea's test of a missile capable of striking anywhere in the United States and called for talks to peacefully resolve the nuclear crisis. Foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said Beijing's proposal for North Korea to freeze weapons tests in return for the US to suspend military drills in the region was the best approach to ease tension ... read more

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