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US sees strategic role for Vietnam's southern port
by Staff Writers
Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam (AFP) June 3, 2012

'Europe must rethink defence' after US naval shift to Asia
Singapore (AFP) June 3, 2012 - France said Sunday Europe needed to rethink its defence strategy as the US repositions the majority of its naval fleet to the Pacific.

French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said questions relating to Europe's defence framework have emerged due to the US shift, and are also exacerbated by Washington's defence spending cut.

"In the coming 10 years, the US budget for defence is going to be diminished by about $500 billion," he said at a news conference after attending the Shangri-La Dialogue, an annual security summit in Singapore.

"On the other hand, the United States have announced that they would give a priority to the Asia-Pacific region. Somewhere there will be a hole and it will be in Europe," he added.

Addressing the conference Saturday, US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said Washington would gradually shift its naval fleet so that by 2020 it would have 60 percent of its ships in the Pacific, up from the current 50 percent.

Currently, the US has a 50/50 split between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic, which covers Europe.

The decision to deploy more ships to the Pacific, along with expanding a network of military partnerships in the region, was part of a "steady, deliberate" effort to bolster the US role in an area deemed vital to America's future, Panetta said.

The move reflects US concern over China's rising economic and military might but Panetta insisted the strategy was not a challenge to Beijing.

Le Drian said European nations had to reassess their defence situation after Panetta's remarks.

"This means the Europeans must take into account this very solemn speech and Europeans must ask themselves how they conceive their future defenee always in the framework of the Atlantic Alliance," he said.

The United States is a key member of the 28-nation, Brussels-based North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said Sunday a former port used by US forces in the Vietnam War could play a pivotal role in the American military's shift towards the Asia-Pacific.

Panetta's visit to Cam Ranh Bay was the first by a Pentagon chief since the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, and the highly symbolic trip reflected Washington's efforts to deepen ties with its former enemy as it seeks to counter China's growing power.

"Access for US naval ships into this facility is a key component of this relationship and we see a tremendous potential here," he told reporters on the deck of the USNS Richard E. Byrd, an American naval cargo ship currently at the port.

With new plans to shift the majority of the US naval fleet to the Pacific by 2020, Panetta described the deep-water harbour as strategically vital.

"It will be particularly important to be able to work with partners like Vietnam, to be able to use harbours like this, as we move our ships from our ports on the West Coast, (and) our stations here in the Pacific," he said.

Cam Rahn Bay is one the region's best natural harbours and the United States sees it an ideal spot to bolster an American naval presence in the contested South China Sea.

Vietnam recently started allowing foreign navies, including the United States, to use Cam Rahn Bay to resupply and undergo repairs. But the number of visits per year is restricted, and US commanders would like to have expanded access to the harbour, possibly including warships, analysts say.

Panetta's trip reflected the transformation of US relations with Vietnam as well as a growing rivalry between China and the United States, with the South China Sea at the centre of the competition.

Looking out on a bay that was once teeming with US naval ships during the peak of the Vietnam war, Panetta spoke of the "arc of history" in which a bitter war had given way to a new era.

"For me personally, this is a very emotional moment," he said.

The Pentagon chief said "a great deal of blood was spilled in this war on all sides," but he hoped that "out of all of that sacrifice, we can build a strong partnership between both of our countries that looks to the future."

The two countries signed a memorandum on defence cooperation last year and Panetta will meet with high ranking Vietnamese officials, including the defence minister, in Hanoi during his two-day visit to discuss how to fulfil the agreement.

"We've come a long way, particularly with regards to our defence relationship," he said in the blazing sunshine on deck, adding that now he wanted "to take this relationship to the next level."

Cam Ranh Bay was one of three main hubs used by US forces in the war. The Vietnamese later leased the area to the Soviet Union, which used it during the Cold War, but the Russians left the base in 2002.

The Pentagon's plan to send more ships to the Pacific, unveiled Saturday during a speech by Panetta at a security summit in Singapore, reflects US concern over China's rising economic and military might. But Panetta insisted the strategy was not a challenge to Beijing.

China claims all of the South China Sea, which is believed to encompass huge oil and gas reserves. One-third of global seaborne trade passes through the region.

Panetta, who is on a nine-day regional tour, also said the US wants to work with Vietnam on "maritime issues," including on a code of conduct for all nations using the South China Sea, and on improving "freedom of navigation in our oceans."

Hanoi and Beijing, which have rival claims to the Spratly Islands and a long-standing dispute over the Paracel island group, have frequent diplomatic spats over fishing rights and oil exploration in the area.

Analysts say a more aggressive approach from China in the South China Sea has prompted Vietnam to forge closer defence cooperation with its former foe the United States.

Canada wants Singapore hub as US shifts military focus
Singapore (AFP) June 3, 2012 - Singapore said Sunday it was studying a proposal from Canada to set up a logistics facility in the city-state for disaster relief efforts, reportedly to support a US military shift to Asia.

Canadian Defence Minister Peter Gordon MacKay said in an interview with The Canadian Press that the proposal was part of Ottawa's efforts to back up the US military "pivot" towards the Asia-Pacific region, which has irked China.

"The Canadians have proposed setting up a logistics support hub in Singapore for their regional humanitarian assistance and disaster relief efforts," a spokesman for the Singapore foreign ministry told AFP.

"We are currently studying their proposal," he said, giving no further details.

MacKay was quoted as saying that the proposed deal with Singapore would resemble arrangements Canada has with Kuwait and Jamaica, which has given the country military footholds in the Middle East and the Caribbean.

MacKay is in Singapore along with other defence chiefs to attend the Shangri-La Dialogue, an annual security conference that ends on Sunday.

US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta told the conference on Saturday that Washington will shift the bulk of its naval fleet to the Pacific by 2020 as part of its new strategic focus on Asia, amid China's rising influence.

The Pentagon already plans to start rotating "littoral combat ships" -- small vessels intended for operations close to shore -- through a base in Singapore, a long-standing ally of the United States.

Speaking at the conference Sunday, MacKay did not directly refer to the proposal but stressed the need for greater global cooperation in disaster relief efforts.

He recalled that Canadian troops were among the international forces involved in the massive relief operation that followed the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, which killed an estimated 220,000 people.

Learning lessons from that disaster, Canadian forces were quicker to respond when a major earthquake struck Haiti in 2010, carrying more supplies with their C-17 military transport planes, MacKay said.

"We realise how critical connectivity with all of our partners, friends and allies remains to ensuring that we can coordinate responses more quickly," he said.

The Asian Development Bank in March said climate-related disasters had displaced more than 42 million people in Asia over the past two years.

The Asia-Pacific "is the global area most prone to natural disasters, both in terms of the absolute number of disasters and of populations affected", it said in a report.


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Alliances challenged as US, China compete in Asia
Singapore (AFP) June 3, 2012
Washington's planned strategic shift to Asia will challenge existing alliances as nations try to balance strong economic ties to China with defence links to Washington, a conference heard Sunday. Many Asian countries have major business relations with China but are also defence allies of the United States. "The political, economic and cultural ramifications of a newly-empowered Asia are ... read more

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