by Staff Writers
Geneva (AFP) Feb 11, 2014
Syria peace talks showed no signs of movement Tuesday, sparking warnings of failure, as the evacuation of civilians from besieged rebel-held areas of Syria's third city Homs was suspended.
Little progress towards breaking the deadlock was apparent, despite appeals from UN-Arab League mediator Lakhdar Brahimi to end the "nightmare" of the Syrian people.
The veteran peacemaker was downbeat after a three-hour session Tuesday marking the first face-to-face talks between Syria's rival camps this month.
"The beginning of this week is as laborious as it was the first week," Brahimi told reporters. "We are not making much progress."
The current round of talks is set to last until Friday.
But it got off to a shaky start on Monday, and Tuesday's session did not appear to achieve anything beyond a restating of well-known positions.
"I think Geneva under the current circumstances will end in failure," Ali Haidar, Syria's reconciliation minister, told AFP in Damascus.
Opposition spokesman Louay Safi said his side would not "run away", but that without progress it would be "more honest to say we have failed".
A first round was held in Geneva from January 24-31, when the simple fact of getting the foes to the table for the first time since the war erupted in 2011 was deemed a breakthrough.
But neither has budged an inch.
The opposition says the only way to end the conflict is to form a transitional government -- without President Bashar al-Assad.
The regime insists Assad's future is non-negotiable and that the talks must focus on halting "terrorism" -- its term for a revolt it says is fuelled by foreign jihadists and Gulf money.
In Geneva, key Assad aide Buthaina Shaaban blasted the opposition for refusing to "acknowledge that there is terrorism in Syria".
"The only thing they want to discuss is the transitional government," she told AFP.
Broadbrush terror label
The opposition, which notes that the mainstream Free Syrian Army rebels are themselves fighting the jihadists, rejects the broadbrush terror label applied by the regime.
It wants discussions to address regime actions such as starving out opposition-held areas and raining explosives-packed "barrel bombs" from helicopters.
The war, which began after a regime crackdown on Arab Spring-inspired protests in March 2011, has now claimed more than 136,000 lives, sent millions fleeing their homes, sparked a humanitarian catastrophe and put massive strain on refugee-hosting neighbours Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq.
Brahimi said the talks must focus on the need to "help Syria out of the nightmare its people have been living through".
"Violence and terrorism, this is what the Syrian people want to put an end to, isn't that so? And how can this end without an agreement on the steps to be taken on the future of the country?" he asked.
An agreement on evacuating civilians from Homs -- a hub of the revolt against Assad -- was the only tangible result of January's talks but the operation started only last week amid blame-trading for delays and violations of a UN-brokered truce in the city.
Homs's opposition-held districts have been under siege for 600 days.
Operations began on Friday to evacuate those among the estimated 3,000 civilians trapped in the Old City of Homs who wish to leave and deliver aid to those who want to stay.
The United Nations said Tuesday that a total of 1,132 people had been evacuated.
But operations were suspended later Tuesday, with local authorities citing "logistical and technical reasons", but saying the truce could be extended if necessary.
Melissa Fleming, spokeswoman for the UN refugee agency, said that 336 male evacuees aged between 15 and 55 had been taken in for questioning.
After the questioning, aid workers were able to speak to the men, who said they wanted to be allowed to join the women and children already evacuated.
The regime has said men must be interrogated in order to weed out "terrorists", but the opposition raised fears that separating men from women and children could be a tactic to detain them.
The United Nations' human rights office said the men must not be harmed nor designated en masse as rebel combatants.
While hailing the Homs operation, conducted at high risk by aid workers, Brahimi said it was only a small step and "nothing has happened" in a host of other besieged communities.
With such a huge price paid for so little, it was understood that Brahimi was unlikely to try for any fresh confidence-building measures.
In an effort to break the deadlock Russia has proposed that Moscow and Washington -- supporters of the regime and opposition respectively, and who initiated the talks -- hold a joint meeting with the United Nations and the two sides.
Washington and the opposition have said they would support the idea if it could move things forward, but the regime delegation was sceptical.
"If you don't agree on the basics, I think that bringing more people in would not solve the problem. It would make it more complicated," Shaaban told AFP.