Free Newsletters - Space News - Defense Alert - Environment Report - Energy Monitor
. Military Space News .




TERROR WARS
Zarqawi's legacy: Jihadist rebels in Syria
by Staff Writers
Beirut, Lebanon (UPI) Jan 9, 2013


disclaimer: image is for illustration purposes only

The ghost of Abu Mussab al-Zarqawi, the notorious jihadist leader killed in a U.S. airstrike in Iraq in June 2006, pervades the operations of Jabhat al-Nusrah, the Islamist group that spearheads rebels fighting the Damascus regime in Syria.

Increasingly, the expanding and highly effective jihadist group is seen as an outgrowth of Zarqawi's al-Qaida in Iraq that's killing scores of people every month in an offensive against the government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.

Jabhat Al-Nusrah's operations are causing growing alarm not only within the embattled regime of Syrian President Bashar Assad, whose forces and allies are bearing the brunt of the group's attacks, but in neighboring Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey where jihadist groups are reported to be gaining strength.

There are also fears that Jabhat al-Nusrah could have connections with jihadist cells in Europe that were linked to an organization set up by Zarqawi in 2001 called Ansar al-Islam, or Partisans of Islam.

In 2004, Western intelligence officials said Ansar al-Islam was involved in bombings in Casablanca, Madrid and Istanbul in 2003-04 and was linked to al-Qaida in Iraq.

Zarqawi, whose real name was Ahmed Fadil al-Khalayleh, set up an extremist Sunni group called al-Tawhid w'al-Jihad, or Unity and Holy Struggle, in the 1990s dedicated to overthrowing the Hashemite monarchy in Jordan.

He organized and led AQI until he was killed June 7, 2006, when a pair of F-16s dropped two 500-pound laser-guided bombs on his hideout near Baqubah, north of Baghdad.

Whether Zarqawi's extensive operational capabilities, mapped by Western intelligence officials, extended as widely as suggested in 2004 remains open to question. But more than 100 members of the loose network of groups he allegedly brought together from 2001-06 were arrested in Europe since 2001.

Testimony of several activists captured in that period suggested that Ansar al-Islam and al-Tawhid had established a widespread cell network across Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Norway and Britain.

One activist, a 30-year-old Algerian named Abderrazak Mahdjoub arrested Nov. 23, 2003, in Hamburg, Germany, allegedly provided a wealth of intelligence on the European network.

Al-Nusrah's exploits, including more than 50 suicide bombings against key regime targets, are energizing jihadist groups across the Middle East.

This is being intensified by Ayman al-Zawahiri of Egypt, al-Qaida Central's leader since Osama bin Laden was assassinated in Pakistan by U.S. Special Forces May 2, 2011.

If the Assad regime in Syria is toppled, al-Nusrah will demand a significant, if not dominant, position in a successor regime in which Sunni Islamists will have considerable influence. This would give the jihadists a solid foothold in Syria.

The Lebanese have reported an uptick in jihadist activity.

Jordanian intelligence has thwarted at least one major terrorist plot attributed to al-Nusrah. Israel reports heightened jihadist activity in the Gaza Strip and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.

The Jordanians have also arrested several jihadists, including two of Zarqawi's cousins, Zayed Sweiti and Firas al-Khalaylah, after they'd spent five months fighting in Syria.

Al-Jazeera reported in December that Zarqawi's brother-in-law, Iyad al-Tubasi, was killed fighting in southwestern Syria near the Jordanian border. It said the Jordanian jihadist who replaced him as the commander of an al-Nusrah unit, Mustafa Abdel Latif Salih, aka Abu Anas al-Sahhaba, had served with Zarqawi in Iraq.

Another brother-in-law, Sami al-Daini, was reportedly appointed to lead an AQI group in Iraq's Diyala province in 2010.

The Quilliam Foundation, a counter-terrorism think tank in London that tracks jihadist groups, said in a report issued Tuesday that al-Nusrah has some 5,000 hardcore fighters, plus several thousand auxiliaries and independent fighters. Syrian opposition sources put its strength as high 10,000.

Quilliam identified al-Nusrah's leader as a Syrian jihadist who goes by the nom de guerre Abu Mohammed al-Golani, believed to be a veteran of Zarqawi's operations in Iraq against the Americans after the 2003 invasion.

His true name isn't known but his nom de guerre indicates his family is from the Golan Heights, a volcanic plateau in Syria that was partially conquered by Israel in the 1967 Middle East war.

"By investigating Zarqawi's old network and using a process of elimination, we have narrowed down possible candidates to one individual," the report said.

"This man is mysterious, having been reported killed twice, in Iraq in 2006 and Syria in 2008."

.


Related Links
The Long War - Doctrine and Application






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





TERROR WARS
Indian cops hold 'hate' speech politician
New Delhi (UPI) Jan 9, 2013
Police in India are questioning a state politician for allegedly delivering a hate speech at a public meeting. Akbaruddin Owaisi, leader of the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen - Council of the Union of Muslims - in the Legislative Assembly in the state of Andhra Pradesh was arrested this week after arriving from London where he was having medical treatment, a report by The Times of India ... read more


TERROR WARS
Dutch Patriot missiles head for Turkey's Syria border

US Patriot missiles begin arriving in Turkey

Patriot missile troops in Turkey as Syria war worsens

NATO begins deploying Patriot missiles in Turkey

TERROR WARS
Iran develops new missile launcher

Thatcher 'warned France to cut off Exocets in Falklands war'

Raytheon awarded $254.6 million for Tomahawk missile

NATO says Syria regime firing 'Scud-style missiles'

TERROR WARS
Northrop Grumman, Navy Select Telephonics Radar For Fire Scout UAS

Global Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Payload Market to Reach $68.6 billion by 2022

US drone attacks kill eight in Pakistan: officials

What a UAV Can Do With Depth Perception

TERROR WARS
DARPA selects SwRI's K-band space crosslink radio for flight development as part of System F6 Program

BAE pulls out of Australian comms tender

Can You Program a Radio to Dominate the Spectrum?

DoD Guidance on Spectrum Use for Hosted Payloads Needs New Approach

TERROR WARS
SAIC Awarded Contract By U.S. Army Environmental Command

Block MEMS Awarded Multi-Million Dollar Contract to Find Buried Explosives

Fused Reality: Blending Reality and Simulation

Russia may soon draft new law on military service for women

TERROR WARS
Russia, Ukraine sell arms to Syria, Iraq

Iraq's seen as major arms buyer by 2020

Pentagon welcomes fiscal deal, warns against cuts

US military braces for sweeping budget cuts

TERROR WARS
Japan plans to raise military budget amid China row

Japan summons China envoy for first time under PM Abe

Hagel draws fire as Obama's Pentagon pick

Obama pick for Pentagon shaped by combat in Vietnam

TERROR WARS
Nanoparticles reach new peaks

Oh, Christmas tree, oh Christmas tree

Britain to fund graphene research efforts

Synthetic and biological nanoparticles combined to produce new metamaterials




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement