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China confirms "weapons" on disputed island
by Staff Writers
Beijing (AFP) Feb 18, 2016


Kerry slams Beijing's 'militarization' in South China Sea
Washington (AFP) Feb 18, 2016 - US Secretary of State John Kerry has slammed China for its increased "militarization" in the strategically important South China Sea, after Beijing deployed surface-to-air missiles on a disputed island there.

"There is every evidence, every day, that there has been an increase of militarization of one kind or another. It's of a serious concern," Kerry told reporters on Wednesday.

A US official told AFP that China has deployed surface-to-air missiles on Woody Island, part of the Paracel Islands chain.

The official said the missiles appeared to be HQ-9s, which have a range of about 125 miles (200 kilometers).

Experts say they could be used to target enemy aircraft.

Fox News first reported missile launchers and a radar system had arrived on Woody Island in recent days, referring to satellite imagery. Taiwan's defense ministry later confirmed the facility's existence.

"We believe the photos are accurate and that China has deployed SAMs to Woody Island," the US official said.

Beijing has controlled all of the Paracels, which are also claimed by Hanoi and Taipei, since seizing several from South Vietnam in a brief, bloody battle towards the end of the Vietnam War.

But tensions in the sea -- through which a third of the world's oil passes -- have mounted in recent months since China transformed contested reefs in the Spratly islands further south into artificial islands capable of supporting military facilities.

- 'No militarization' -

Washington says the move threatens free passage in a strategically vital area and has sent warships to sail close to the disputed islands to assert freedom of navigation, raising fears of escalation.

"We have said repeatedly with respect to China that the standard that should be applied to all countries with respect to the South China Sea is no militarization," Kerry said.

The secretary of state recalled that during a state visit to Washington last year, Chinese President Xi Jinping vowed not to militarize in the disputed waters.

"We had these conversations with the Chinese and I'm confident that over the next days, we will have further very serious conversations on this," Kerry said.

The top US diplomat expressed hope that Beijing would work to resolve the maritime disputes "not through unilateral action, not through force, not through militarization but through diplomacy and by working with other countries and claimants."

On Tuesday, US President Barack Obama called for "tangible steps" to lower tensions in the South China Sea.

Beijing meanwhile has insisted it has the right to build "self-defense" systems in the region.

China confirmed it has weapons on a disputed island in the South China Sea, state media said Thursday, as criticism grew over Beijing's increased "militarisation" of the strategically vital region.

The US and Taiwan both said China had placed missiles on Woody Island, part of the Paracels chain, after Fox News reported the surface-to-air weapons had arrived there in the past week.

Beijing confirmed the presence of "weapons" on the island, reported the Global Times newspaper, which has close ties with the ruling Communist party, but stopped short of acknowledging there had been a new missile deployment, saying defence measures there were "nothing new".

Vice Admiral Alexander Lopez, the commander of Philippine military forces assigned to guard the country's interests in the South China Sea, outlined the potential regional consequences of the reported Chinese action.

"The stability of the region is being threatened because of the deployment of those kinds of weapons," he said Thursday.

"You don't deploy those types of weapons unless you intend to use them," he added.

China claims all of the Paracels, though Hanoi and Taipei have overlapping claims.

Beijing seized several islands there from South Vietnam in a brief, bloody battle in the 1970s.

But tensions in the sea -- through which a third of the world's oil passes -- have mounted in recent months after China transformed contested reefs in the Spratly islands further south into artificial islands capable of supporting military facilities.

"There is every evidence, every day, that there has been an increase of militarisation of one kind or another. It's of a serious concern," US Secretary of State John Kerry told reporters on Wednesday.

A US official told AFP that China has deployed surface-to-air missiles on the island.

The official said they appeared to be HQ-9s, which have a range of about 200 kilometres (125 miles).

Experts say they could be used to target enemy aircraft.

The Fox News report was based on pictures from ImageSat International, which earlier this week released images said to show reclamation work in the Paracels.

- 'No militarisation' -

Washington says China's actions in the South China Sea threaten free passage in a strategically vital area and has sent warships to sail close to the disputed islands to assert freedom of navigation, raising fears of escalation.

"We have said repeatedly with respect to China that the standard that should be applied to all countries with respect to the South China Sea is no militarisation," Kerry said.

During a state visit to Washington last year, Chinese President Xi Jinping vowed not to militarise the disputed Spratly island chain.

"We had these conversations with the Chinese and I'm confident that over the next days, we will have further very serious conversations on this," Kerry added.

The top US diplomat expressed hope that Beijing would work to resolve the maritime disputes "not through unilateral action, not through force, not through militarisation but through diplomacy and by working with other countries and claimants".

On Tuesday, US President Barack Obama called for "tangible steps" to lower tensions in the South China Sea. He made the remarks during a meeting in California with 10 leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, including Vietnam.

The meeting ended with a joint statement calling for the "peaceful resolution" of the myriad competing claims over islands, atolls and reefs in the region.

- China threat -

Beijing claims nearly all of the South China Sea and insists its island building aims to provide public goods, such as search and rescue facilities, but maintains it has the right to deploy necessary "self-defence" measures there.

"China has been deploying national defence facilities on Xisha island for decades, it is nothing new", Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei said Thursday, using the Chinese name for the Paracels.

"It's within China's sovereignty. It is legitimate, reasonable and justified", he said, adding "this kind of deployment has nothing to do with militarisation".

China's Ministry of Defence confirmed that "China has deployed weapons on the island for a long time", reported the Global Times.

It did not specify which weapons were on the island.

A Thursday editorial in the newspaper argued that the US has "injected the most military elements in the region".

If China has in fact placed surface to air missiles on the island, they might make "jet fighters from the US... feel uneasy when making provocative flights in the region. To us, that's a proper result", the paper said.

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Anti-China sentiment simmers in Vietnam on anniversary of border war
Hanoi (AFP) Feb 17, 2016
Vietnamese activists chanted anti-China slogans in Hanoi Wednesday as they marked the 37th anniversary of a border war with their giant neighbour, in a memorial that followed reports that Beijing has installed missile systems in contested seas. The two communist countries are locked in a long-standing territorial dispute over the Paracel and Spratly islands in the South China Sea. Vietna ... read more


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