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NATO urged to ward off 'serious' Russian challenge
by Staff Writers
Tirana (AFP) May 30, 2016

Court jails senior Polish officer as Russian spy
Warsaw (AFP) May 30, 2016 - A Polish military court on Monday sentenced a high-ranking officer to six years behind bars after convicting him of spying for Russia.

The former lieutenant-colonel, identified only as Zbigniew J., had faced a 15-year maximum sentence at his trial behind closed doors at a military tribunal in Warsaw.

In the end, he received a relatively light sentence after cooperating with authorities, a spokesman for the court told the Polish PAP news agency.

The officer was arrested in October 2014 while working at the defence ministry's department of education and publicity.

A lawyer holding both Polish and Russian nationalities was also arrested in a simultaneous raid.

The lawyer has been charged with spying for Moscow but is still awaiting trial.

Prosecutors said the two cases were linked, but refused to confirm whether the men were suspected of having worked together.

Earlier this month, the leader of a small pro-Kremlin political party was also arrested on suspicion of spying.

In January, fellow EU and NATO member Estonia jailed three cigarette smugglers for spying for Russia's secret services.

That incident followed a Cold War-style spy swap between Russia and Estonia in September on a bridge spanning their shared border.

Poland, a former Eastern Bloc member, and Estonia, a former Soviet republic, are among the most vocal of NATO members demanding the alliance beef up its eastern defences in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.

Russia's annexation of the Crimea peninsula from Ukraine in 2014, and the pro-Moscow revolt in eastern Ukraine that followed, prompted the worst stand-off between Moscow and the West since the Cold War.

NATO's parliamentary assembly on Monday called on members of the Western military alliance to be ready to respond to the "potential threat" of Russian aggression against them.

The assembly issued a unanimous declaration of proposals after a three-day meeting in Tirana, ahead of a landmark NATO summit in Warsaw in July.

"The challenge from Russia is real and serious," said Michael Turner, the US president of the assembly, which gathered around 250 lawmakers from the 28 member states.

The declaration expressed regret over "Russia's use of force against its neighbours and attempted intimidation of (NATO) Allies".

It said this had "left NATO no choice but to consider the prospect of aggressive Russian action against an Alliance member as a potential threat, and to adopt measured, proportionate responses".

The assembly's declaration also urged NATO allies to "provide reassurance" to members who feel their security is under threat, especially on NATO's eastern and southern flanks.

At the Warsaw summit, NATO leaders will formally endorse an alliance revamp putting more troops into eastern European member states as part of a "deter and dialogue" strategy.

Russia fiercly opposes the move, meant to reassure eastern allies spooked by its 2014 annexation of the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine and the pro-Moscow revolt that followed in the country's east.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg echoed the parliamentary assembly's stance during a Monday visit to alliance member Poland.

Speaking in Warsaw, he said NATO was sending a "clear signal to any potential adversary that an attack on Poland will be considered an attack on the whole alliance."

Along with Romania, Poland became a target for Russian ire after it agreed to host a US and NATO anti-missile system that Moscow regards as a security threat.

NATO, however, insists the shield is not directed against Russia, but is instead designed to counter threats from so-called "rogue states" in the Middle East.

"It is directed against threats coming from outside the Euro-Atlantic area," Stoltenberg insisted.

NATO cut all practical cooperation with Moscow following Russia's Ukraine intervention, but the US-led alliance has said it will hold formal talks with Moscow before the July 8-9 summit.

In April, the NATO Russia Council (NRC) held its first meeting since June 2014 but the talks ended in "profound disagreements" over Ukraine and other issues, although Stoltenberg said at the time it was a useful exchange.

The assembly said NATO should explore ways to "reduce tensions" with Moscow, while "addressing Russia's unacceptable violations of international norms".

It also called on NATO to strengthen conventional and nuclear deterrence, and to increase cooperation with European Union border agency Frontex over the migration crisis.

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